Newsletter Volume 1, Number 1, January 2003

Comparative Democratization
Section 35 of the American Political Science Association

Newsletter
Volume 1, Number 1, January 2003

CURRENT SECTION OFFICERS

Chair (2001–2003)
John W. Harbeson
Professor of Political Science
City University of New York
e-mail: jwharbeson@aol.com

Vice-chair (2002–2004)
Nancy Bermeo
Associate Professor of Politics
Director of the Graduate Studies Program
Department of Politics
Princeton University
e-mail: bermeo@princeton.edu 

Secretary (2002–2004)
Harry W. Blair
Senior Research Scholar
Department of Political Science
Yale University
e-mail: harry.blair@yale.edu

Treasurer (2001–2003)
Leslie Anderson
Associate Professor
Department of Political Science
University of Florida
e-mail: landerso@polisci.ufl.edu

Member-at-Large (2001–2003)
Carol Nechemias
Associate Professor of Public Policy
School of Public Affairs
Pennsylvania State University
e-mail: c4n@psu.edu

Newsletter Editor (ex officio)
Thomas W. Skladony
Senior Program Officer
International Forum for Democratic Studies
National Endowment for Democracy
e-mail: tom@ned.org

NOTE FROM THE CHAIR

What a pleasure it is to greet you with the first edition of the Comparative Democratization section newsletter! On your behalf may I express our great appreciation to Tom Skladony, our section communications director, and to Aycan Akdeniz, his assistant, both at the International Forum for Democratic Studies of the National Endowment for Democracy, for taking on this task and getting the newsletter off to such a fine start.

The newsletter is very much a work in progress.  It is your newsletter and I invite your comments, suggestions, and requests concerning its content.  In collaboration with the section’s officers, Tom and Aycan will do their best to develop a newsletter that you truly look forward to clicking into on a quarterly basis.

Our newsletter needs a name, too, and the naming contest is now open!

The Comparative Democratization section is thriving.  At last count we had 659 members, placing us within the top 10 of the APSA’s 46 sections.  The rapid growth of membership is a testimony to the breadth and depth of interest in ensuring that the global, comparative study of democratization is grounded in the insights of all world regions. Another measure of our initial success is the unusually large number of panels our new section was granted at the 2001 and 2002 annual meetings of the APSA. Attendance is everything, however, and I urge you to attend as many of our panels as possible at the 2003 and future annual meetings.

Many individuals have done yeoman work in helping to launch our section. I am particularly pleased to acknowledge the dedication and expert advice of Cynthia McClintock and Carol Nechemias, my coconspirators in launching the section; Cathy Rudder, former APSA executive director; and Michael Brintnall, her successor. Sue Davis, formerly of the APSA staff, was full of enthusiasm and good ideas as well.  Atul Kohli organized a superb set of panels for the 2002 Boston meetings. Michael McFaul, the first winner of our section’s award for best convention paper will undoubtedly field an equally fine set of panels for 2003 as this year’s section program chair.

It is a pleasure to welcome new section officers Nancy Bermeo, vice-chair, and Harry Blair, secretary. Leslie Anderson, our treasurer, tends our piggy bank conscientiously and capably.  They and the officers who completed their terms this summer—Andreas Schedler, Bill Reisinger, and Fred Schaffer—have been great colleagues with whom to work.

As I write, your officers are busy establishing committees on nominations and on awards for the best recent book and article.  In the next issue I will identify and acknowledge their hard work in choosing among so many fine candidates.   As you know, we have approved virtually unanimously a bylaw amendment to elect officers by e-mail ballot.  I’m working with the APSA and others to develop procedures to protect ballot anonymity.

Finally, I want to say what an honor and a pleasure it is to serve you as the Comparative Democratization section’s first chair.  Your energy, enthusiasm, support have been inspiring and have made light work of the tasks that go with this office.  I look forward to what our section—and our newsletter—will become as a result.

Very best New Year’s wishes to one and all,
John W. Harbeson

EDITOR’S NOTE

I am happy to join John Harbeson in welcoming members of the Comparative Democratization section to the first issue of our electronic newsletter. It has been a great pleasure for me and my assistant, Ms. Aycan Akdeniz, to work with John and other section officers in planning and preparing this first issue.

Aycan and I are based at the International Forum for Democratic Studies, the research arm of the National Endowment for Democracy in Washington, D.C. The Forum is directed by Marc F. Plattner and Larry Diamond, who are perhaps best known to section members as editors of the quarterly Journal of Democracy. The Forum is also home to the Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellows Program and to a research and conferences program that sponsors meetings in Washington and elsewhere. Among the newer Forum projects is a Network of Democracy Research Institutes that helps promote the work of scholars and research centers in the developing world.

These activities and projects also make the International Forum for Democratic Studies a good institutional home for the Comparative Democratization section newsletter. I accepted the opportunity to serve as the section’s first communications director with great enthusiasm and I look forward to corresponding with many old and new colleagues in this capacity.

As John mentioned, this first issue is a bit of a prototype. We have reviewed similar academic newsletters and have incorporated editorial features that appear to be near universal in such publications, including brief messages from the chair and the editor, official news and announcements about our section, and brief listings of new research and of recent and future professional meetings. For this issue we have also listed the most recent (at press time) contents for two journals that focus specifically on our field—the Journal of Democracy and Democratization—and we have appended a listing of new books received by the Journal of Democracy. While we do not expect that we will ever have the resources to compile comprehensive bibliographic listings on democratization, we do invite suggestions of other journals whose contents—or selected contents—merit inclusion in future newsletters.

We also hope that future issues of the newsletter will include additional editorial departments that feature contributions from section members themselves. About a month before the publication of each issue, we will invite members to send us notices of recent professional activities or accomplishments, such as books and articles published, papers presented, promotions or new appointments, and grants or awards received. We will also invite members (and advanced graduate students) to write brief (400–500 word) Book Notes, calling attention to important newly published research that has yet to receive a full book review in the professional literature. And we plan to commission one longer essay for each issue that will provide an overview of the current state of knowledge of a particular region, country, or research theme.

For the convenience of section members, the newsletter will be sent as a simple e-mail message. A more attractive formatted version (but with identical content) will also be published on the Web site of the Comparative Democratization section, where it and subsequent issues will become a part of the archived history of this new section.

I invite anyone who cares to write (tom@ned.org) to send me your reactions to the first issue and your suggestions of ways we can expand and improve the newsletter. And I invite you to visit us at the International Forum on your next trip to Washington.

With all good wishes for the New Year,
Thomas W. Skladony

SECTION NEWS

Comparative Democratization Panels at 2002 APSA Annual Meeting
The Comparative Democratization section sponsored 28 panel sessions at the 2002 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association in Boston, August 29–September 1. The officers express their deep gratitude to Professor Atul Kohli of Princeton University, who served as 2002 program chair, and to all paper presenters, session moderators, and discussants. For a full listing of panels organized by the section please visit http://www.apsanet.org/mtgs/program/divisions.cfm. For texts of all available papers from this year’s panels, please visit http://apsaproceedings.cup.org/Site/panels/045/D045.htm. Papers presented at the 2002 APSA annual meeting will be available on this Web site until August 2003.

Annual Business Meeting
The annual business meeting of the Comparative Democratization section was held on Friday, August 30 during the APSA annual meeting in Boston. Section chair John Harbeson presided and then joined section members at a reception after the meeting.

Election of Officers: In accordance with section by-laws, nominations and elections were held for two vacant positions. We are pleased to report that Nancy Bermeo of Princeton was elected vice-chair and that Harry W. Blair of Yale was elected secretary. Both will serve until the 2004 annual meeting of the APSA.

Amendment to Section Bylaws: Following this election, the Chair noted that the section’s 2002 business meeting was taking place at the same time as that of the Comparative Politics section’s business meeting, as had been the case in 2001. He expressed concern that this and similar schedule conflicts will continue to occur at future APSA annual meetings and that this is likely to limit attendance and to prevent many members from participating in the annual election of officers. A proposal was made to amend the section bylaws to allow for e-mail balloting. Following discussion and agreement, the Chair agreed to submit this proposal to the membership. (As mentioned above in the message from the Chair, members voted almost unanimously in October 2002 to change the bylaws to permit the election of section officers by e-mail balloting.)

Section Budget and Dues: Treasurer Leslie Anderson presented a brief report on the section’s budget. The Chair informed members that while the current section dues were $5 per year, the section only receives $2 of this amount, since the APSA retains $3 of the annual dues of each member of each section to cover its costs of administering the organized sections program. A motion was made to increase section dues modestly and, after discussion and amendment, the motion to increase annual section dues to $8 was approved.

Best Paper Award: Michael McFaul, associate professor of political science, Stanford University, and Peter and Helen Bing Research Fellow at Hoover Institution, received the Comparative Democratization section’s award, which includes a modest honorarium, for the best paper presented at the 2001 APSA annual meeting. Professor McFaul’s paper, “The Fourth Wave of Democracy and Dictatorship: Noncooperative Transitions in the Postcommunist World,” explored why only some of the postcommunist countries in Europe and the former Soviet Union have become liberal democracies, while others remain authoritarian regimes or are stuck between these two alternatives. The paper was published in the January 2002 issue of World Politics. Our congratulations to Mike McFaul and thanks to Atul Kohli, who served as the 2002 best-paper-award selection committee.

Comparative Democratization Panels at 2003 APSA Annual Meeting: Michael McFaul has agreed to serve as the section’s program chair for the 2003 APSA annual meeting in Philadelphia. A preliminary listing of section panels will appear in a future issue of this newsletter.

RECENT AND FUTURE ACADEMIC CONFERENCES

The 2002 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association (SPSA) was held November 7–9 in Savannah, Georgia. The final program of the conference is available at http://www2.gasou.edu/spsa/program.htm. The next meeting of the SPSA will be held in January 2004 in New Orleans. A preliminary program will appear in a future issue of this newsletter.

The 2002 annual meeting of the Middle Eastern Studies Association was held November 23–26 in Washington, D.C. Conference sessions included panels on governance and democratization in the Arab world and in Iran and Turkey. The full program of the 2002 MESA meeting is available at http://fp.arizona.edu/mesassoc/MESA02/2002preproghome.htm. The 2003 annual meeting of MESA will be held November 6–9 at the Anchorage Hilton and Egan Convention Center in Anchorage, Alaska. Proposals are invited for full panel sessions, individual papers, roundtables, and thematic conversations. The deadline for submissions is February 14, 2003. Instructions and forms for proposing panels and papers are available at http://fp.arizona.edu/mesassoc/Call%20for%20Papers/CFPhome.htm.

The 2002 annual meeting of the African Studies Association was held December 5–8 at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, D.C. The complete program for the meeting, whose theme was “Africa in the Information and Technology Age,” is available at http://www.africanstudies.org/FinalProgram2002IntroductionPage.html.

The 2003 annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA) will be held April 3–6 at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago, Illinois. The MPSA event is the usually the largest annual meeting of the regional political science associations; the 2003 meeting is expected to have more than 400 panels and 1,300 papers and posters. The deadline for submitting paper proposals has passed but discussants are still needed for some panels. For more information, visit http://www.indiana.edu/~mpsa/conferences/conferences.html

The 2003 World Congress of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) will be held in Durban, South Africa, from June 29 to July 4. The theme of the 2003 meeting is “Democracy, Tolerance, Justice: Challenges for Political Change.” Panels will be organized under such subthemes as the politics of remembrance; political tolerance; globalization then and now; justice, race, and ethnicity; parties and elections; and the prospects for democracy in Africa. For more information, visit http://www.ipsa.ca/congress/congress/congress.asp.

NEW RESEARCH

The Autumn 2002 issue of Democratization focuses on the importance of political parties to democratization and includes theoretic, comparative, regional, and single-country studies. For abstracts of the articles listed below, visit http://www.frankcass.com/jnls/index.htm.

Introduction: The Contribution of Parties to Democracy and Democratic Consolidation by Vicky Randall and Lars Svåsand

Party Systems and Democratization: A Comparative Study of the Third World by Lauri Karvonen and Carsten Anckar

Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Africa by Vicky Randall and Lars Svåsand

A Comparative Analysis of Political Parties in Kenya, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo by Sabine C Carey

The Chadian Party System: Rhetoric and Reality by Roy May and Simon Massey

Mauritania: Political Parties, Neo-patrimonialism and Democracy by Marianne Marty

Political Parties and Democratization in the Southern Cone of Latin America by Roberto Espindola

The Presidency, the Parties and Democratization in Mexico by George Philip

The Transformation of the Kuomintang Party in Taiwan by Alexander C Tan

Parties, Protest and Pluralism in Cambodia by Caroline Hughes

The October 2002 issue of the Journal of Democracy features a symposium of seven articles on Democratization in the Arab World, a global overview of political finance laws and practices, an analysis of survey data on Muslim views of democracy in Central Asia, and country studies of Zimbabwe, Thailand, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine, and the Gambia. For more information visit http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_democracy/toc/jod13.4.html.

Democratization in the Arab World?

I. The Decline of Pluralism in Mubarak’s Egypt by Jason Brownlee
Since a tenuous political opening a decade ago, the Mubarak regime has systematically asphyxiated democracy in Egypt.

II. Algeria’s Uneasy Peace by William B. Quandt
While many obstacles to democracy gravely mar Algeria’s political life, the country’s trajectory still affords some grounds for guarded optimism.

III. Depoliticization in Morocco by Abdeslam M. Maghraoui
Since the 1950s, Morocco has engaged in reforms that have established a relatively open political and economic system, but democracy has not gained much in the bargain.

IV. Stirrings in Saudi Arabia by Jean-François Seznec
Saudi Arabia would seem to exemplify full-blown authoritarianism. Yet there are trends pushing the country toward more open politics.

V. Emirs and Parliaments in the Gulf by Michael Herb
How well-founded are Western concerns that the nascent parliaments of Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain will be captured by antidemocratic Islamists and lead to the “Talibanization” of the Gulf?

VI. Yemen’s Aborted Opening by Jillian Schwedler
While President Ali Abdallah Salih continues to call Yemen an “emerging democracy,” it more closely resembles the autocracy of the pre-unification North.

VII. The Trap of Liberalized Autocracy by Daniel Brumberg
Politics in the Arab Middle East is often a matter of powerholders first liberalizing and then “deliberalizing” public life in order to maintain their rule. But this “survival strategy” is a dead end.

Financing Politics: A Global View by Michael Pinto-Duschinsky
Though it is a burning issue in many countries, the question of money and politics is seldom studied on a worldwide scale.

Zimbabwe’s Hijacked Election by John Makumbe
Realizing that power would slip from his grasp if he allowed an honest presidential election in 2002, longtime strongman Robert Mugabe resorted to antidemocratic tactics that set a new low in cruelty and dishonesty.

How Muslims View Democracy: Evidence from Central Asia by Richard Rose
What do Muslims think about democracy? Although reliable evidence is hard to come by, survey data from Central Asia open a window on this matter of vital concern in the Muslim world and beyond.

Democracy Under Stress in Thaksin’s Thailand by Duncan McCargo
In 1997, Thailand adopted constitutional reforms. Now, five years after the reforms and almost two years into the premiership of Thaksin Shinawatra, we can see the gaps and ironies that the reforms left behind.

Pluralism by Default in Moldova by Lucan A. Way
During the 1990s, politics in the small post-Soviet state of Moldova was more competitive than anyone would have expected. Yet there was less to this surprising pluralism than met the eye.

Dark Days in Belarus by Rodger Potocki
Why did Belarusians return dictator Alyaksandr Lukashenka to power in September 2001? Could a better-managed opposition campaign have made a difference?

Post-Election Blues in Ukraine by Nadia Diuk and Myroslava Gongadze
In March 2002, three-fifths of Ukraine’s voters chose a party or coalition opposed to the overbearing presidential apparatus of Leonid Kuchma, but the antipresidential forces found themselves frozen out in the new parliament.

Post-Coup Politics in the Gambia by Abdoulaye Saine
The Gambia provides a lesson in how authoritarians can hold votes yet rob their people of the power that the ballot box is supposed to give them.

New Books Received by the Journal of Democracy

Advanced Democracies

American Politics and Society Today. Edited by Robert Singh. Polity, 2002. 240 pp.

Campaign Finance Reform and the 2000 Elections. Edited by David B. Magleby. Brookings, 2002. 274 pp.

Civil Society in Japan: The Growing Role of NGOs in Tokyo’s Aid and Development Policy. By Keiko Hirata. Palgrave, 2002. 208 pp.

Congress and Defense Spending: the Distributive Politics of Military Procurement. By Barry S. Rundquist and Thomas M. Carsey. University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. 200 pp.

The Contours of American Politics. By Jon Roper. Polity, 2002. 224 pp.

Democracy, Morality, and the Search for Peace in America’s Foreign Policy. By Dean Hammer. University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. 219 pp.

The Difference Women Make. By Michele L. Swers. University of Chicago Press, 2002. 208 pp.

Globalism and Local Democracy: Challenge and Change in Europe and North America. Edited by Robin Hambleton, Hank V. Savitch, and Murray Stewart. Palgrave, 2002. 258 pp.

Government’s Greatest Achievements: From Civil Rights to Homeland Security. By Paul C. Light. Brookings, 2002. 241 pp.

Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics. By Russ Castronovo and Dana D. Nelson. Duke University Press, 2001. 427 pp.

The Politics of Accountability in the Modern State. By Matthew Flinders. Ashgate, 2002. 436 pp.

Reflections on De Gaulle: Political Founding in Modernity. By Will Morrisey. University Press of America, 2002. 278 pp.

The State and Politics in Japan. Ian Neary. Polity, 2002. 264 pp.

Voices of Europe: Citizens, Referendums, and European Integration. By Simon Hug. Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. 184 pp.

A World Safe for Capitalism: Dollar Diplomacy and America’s Rise to Global Power. By Cyrus Veeser. Columbia University Press, 2002. 250 pp.

Africa

Liberian Politics. Edited by Hanes Walton, Jr., James Bernard Rosser, Sr., and Robert L. Stevenson. Lexington, 2002. 417 pp.

Partner to History: The U.S. Role in South Africa’s Transition to Democracy. By Princeton N. Lyman. United States Institute of Peace, 2002. 344 pp.

A Strategic Vision for Africa: The Kampala Movement. By Francis Mading Deng. Brookings, 2002. 198 pp.

Asia

In-house in Papua New Guinea with Anthony Siaguru. By Anthony Siaguru. Asia Pacific Press at the Australian National University, 2002. 359 pp.

Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Challenges to Democracy: Eastern Europe Ten Years after the Collapse of Communism. By Sten Berglund, Frank H. Aarebrot, Henri Vogt, and Georgi Karasimeonov. Edward Elgar, 2001. 189 pp.

Democracy and Oil: The Case of Azerbaijan. By Daniel Heradstveit. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2001. 115 pp.

Democracy and Post-Communism: Political Change in the Post-Communist World. By Graeme Gill. Routledge, 2002. 272 pp.

Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850–2000. By Geoff Eley. Oxford University Press, 2002. 698 pp.

Institutional Change and Political Continuity in Post-Soviet Central Asia: Power, Perceptions, and Pacts. By Pauline Jones Luong. Cambridge University Press, 2002. 320 pp.

Markets, Planning, and Democracy: Essays after the Collapse of Communism. By David L Prychitko. Edward Elgar, 2002. 219 pp.

The New Russian Diplomacy. By Igor S. Ivanov. Brookings, 2002. 203 pp.

Post-Communist Democratization: Political Discourse Across Thirteen Countries. By John S. Dryzek and Leslie Templeman Holmes. Cambridge University Press, 2002. 300 pp.

The Roundtable Talks of 1989. Edited by András Kádár. Central European University Press, 2001. 431 pp.

Russia’s Decline and Uncertain Recovery. By Thomas E. Graham. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002. 100 pp.

Slobodan Miloševi? and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. By Louis Sell. Duke University Press, 2002. 412 pp.

Slovakia: From Samo to Dzurinda. Edited by Peter A. Toma and Dusan Ková?. Hoover, 2001. 432 pp.

Latin America and the Caribbean

Capital City Politics in Latin America: Democratization and Empowerment. Edited by David J. Myers and Henry A. Dietz. Lynne Rienner, 2002. 407 pp.

International Human Rights and Authoritarian Rule in Chile. By Darren G. Hawkins. University of Nebraska Press, 2002. 259 pp.

Latin Politics, Global Media. Edited by Elizabeth Fox and Silvio Waisbord. University of Texas Press, 2002. 203 pp.

Privatization and Democracy in Argentina: An Analysis of President-Congress Relations. By Mariana Lianos. Palgrave, 2002. 232 pp.

Stuffing the Ballot Box: Fraud, Electoral Reform, and Democratization in Costa Rica. By Fabrice E. Lehoucq and Ivan Molina. Cambridge University Press, 2002. 277 pp.

Middle East

Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Culural Politics. Edited by Nikki R. Keddie and Rudi Matthee. University of Washington Press, 2002. 400 pp.

Sticking Together: The Israeli Experiment in Pluralism. By Yaakov Kop and Robert E. Litan. Brookings, 2002. 155 pp.

Comparative, Theoretical, General

The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy. Edited by Andrew Reynolds. Oxford University Press, 2002. 507 pp.
Beyond State Crisis? Postcolonial Africa and Post-Soviet Eurasia in Comparative Perspective. Edited by Mark R. Beissinger and Crawford Young. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. 514 pp.

Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action. By Fiona Terry. Cornell University Press, 2002. 282 pp.

The Costs of Coalition. By Carol Mershon. Stanford University Press, 2002. 307 pp.

Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 2001–2002. Freedom House, 2002. 740 pp.

Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism. By Joshua Muravchik. Encounter Books, 2002. 417 pp.

The Idea of Political Marketing. Edited by Nicolas J. O’Shaughnessy and Stephan C.M. Henneberg. Praeger, 2002. 255 pp.

Millennial Violence: Past, Present and Future. Edited by Jeffrey Kaplan. Frank Cass, 2002. 318 pp.

Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, Israel/Palestine, and South Africa. Edited by Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld. Oxford University Press, 2002. 290 pp.

No More Killing Fields: Preventing Deadly Conflict. By David A. Hamburg. Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. 392 pp.

Parliamentary Democracy: Is There a Perfect Model? By Nicholas Hopkinson. Ashgate, 2001. 127 pp.

Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks, and Norms. Edited by Sanjeev Khagram, James V. Riker, and Kathryn Sikkink. University of Minnesota Press, 2002. 366 pp.

Understanding Capitalism: Critical Analysis from Karl Marx to Amartya Sen. Edited By Douglas Dowd. Pluto, 2002. 183 pp.