Newsletter Volume 2, Number 3, November 2004

Comparative Democratization
Section 35 of the American Political Science Association

Volume 2, Number 3, November 2004

Table of Contents

1. Current Section Officers
2. Report from the Chair
3. Editor’s Note
4. Section News
5. News From Members
6. Fellowship and Grant Opportunities
7. Recent Conferences
8. Future Conferences
9. New Research


Chair (2003-2005)
Cynthia McClintock
Professor of Political Science
George Washington University

Vice-chair (2004-2006)
Gretchen C. Casper
Associate Professor of Political Science
Pennsylvania State University

Secretary (2004-2006)
Carrie Manning
Associate Professor of Political Science
Georgia State University

Treasurer (2003-2005)
William Reisinger
Professor of Political Science
University of Iowa

Newsletter Editor (ex officio)
Thomas W. Skladony
Senior Program Officer
International Forum for Democratic Studies
National Endowment for Democracy


First, many thanks to all the Section members who did so much to advance our Section last year. Our outgoing Vice-Chair Nancy Bermeo, and our outgoing Secretary, Harry Blair, were terrific, regularly offering sage advice and assuming responsibilities way beyond their job descriptions. In particular, Nancy (working with Jonathan Hartlyn and Nicolas van de Walle) chaired our Nominations Committee; the Committee’s candidates were outstanding, and the election impeccable.

Program Chair John Harbeson assembled an outstanding array of panels. Participation at our panels was strong, and, as a result, APSA has allocated twenty panels for our Section for 2005, up from eighteen in 2004 and seventeen in 2003. (As we will again in 2005 be consporing a considerable of panels, our total may well top thirty.)

Congratulations to our 2004 award winners: Nancy Bermeo for best book, Quan Li and Rafael Reveny for best article, and Emilia Gioreva for best field work! Further information is available below in minutes of the business meeting.

We’re very grateful to the Section members who served on our award committees (Chair Richard Vengroff, Sharon Wolchik, and Shaheen Mozaffar, for Best Book; Chair Valerie Bunce, Joseph Klesner, and Gretchen Casper, for Best Article; and Chair Nancy Bermeo, Michael Foley, and Mike Hanshard, for Best Field Work).

Now, we’re busy preparing for 2005 in Washington. We’re confident that many of you are contacting other Section members to propose a panel, or drafting your paper proposal. Don’t forget that all proposals are due to APSA November 14. We are delighted that Eva Bellin (Hunter College) is this year’s program chair; this challenging and pivotal job is in great hands.

Also, if you have suggestions for plenary speakers, please e-mail me and/or Eva. Especially given that the theme of the overall theme of the 2005 meeting is “Mobilizing Democracy,” we can expect that the APSA Program Committee will be sponsoring plenaries of interest to us. Still, our recommendations could matter, and the earlier we’re in touch with APSA, the better. The Washington venue should facilitate securing participation by major keynoters.

We’re also assembling our 2005 award committees. Please let me know if you would like to serve, as there are still some openings. The committee for Best Book is: Steve Fish (University of California at Berkeley, Chair), William Case (Griffith University), and Wendy Hunter (University of Texas).

The committee for Best Article is: Ellen Lust-Okar (Yale University, Chair), Timothy Frye (Ohio State University), and Mark Jones (Rice University). Jonathan Hartlyn (University of North Carolina) will chair our inaugural committee for the Juan Linz Prize for Best Dissertation in the Comparative Study of Democracy. Joseph Klesner (Kenyon College) will chair the committee awarding the prize for Best Field Work.

Unfortunately, to date we have not been able to award a prize for Best Paper presented at APSA the previous year. We very much hope to do so in 2005. Please submit your nominations for Best Paper for 2004 to our 2004 Program Chair, John Harbeson, at If there are sufficient nominations, John will select the winning paper for our Section and also forward the paper to APSA for consideration for APSA’s Burdette Best Paper award. The deadline for nominations is December 15, 2004. I’m very much looking forward to working with our new and continuing Section officers. As I’m sure you’ve noticed, Tom Skladony has been doing a spectacular job compiling and synthesizing information for our newsletter, as well as managing our Web site. Treasurer Bill Reisinger has kept us in the black, and has very efficiently kept tabs on the funds for our Juan Linz Prize. Incoming Secretary Carrie Manning prepared the notes for our 2004 Business Meeting, even though she was not yet officially on board. When we feared that we would need a Section member to present one of the awards at the 2004 business meeting, incoming Vice-Chair Gretchen Casper agreed to pitch in, as she has so often in the past.

To continue to promote the study of democratization among nations in all regions of the world, we need your support and input. Please don’t forget to send recent syllabi on democratization (either globally or region-specific) for our Web site to

And please contact me with your thoughts and recommendations for our Section.

Cynthia McClintock


I am pleased to join Cynthia in expressing my thanks to outgoing section officers Nancy Bermeo and Harry Blair, with whom it has been a great pleasure to work, and in welcoming incoming officers Gretchen Casper and Carrie Manning. I also wish to thank all of you who made the four visiting scholars from Colombia, Ghana, Romania, and South Korea who participated in the roundtable on think-tanks in new democracies at the 2004 APSA meeting feel so welcome at our meeting and reception.

A number of members have written to notify me of changes of e-mail addresses. Please note: the CompDem Section does not maintain a database of its membership. The APSA maintains all section membership lists. Shortly before publishing each newsletter, we obtain the latest membership file from the APSA, and we use the e-mail addresses in that file to mail you this newsletter. To change your e-mail address (or any other contact information), you must log in to the members’ section of the APSA Web site ( and make your changes there.

As always, this newsletter includes a long listing of recent journal articles on democracy. I am pleased to note that in the next several months these articles (and those from previous issues) will become available as part of a larger database of democracy research that will be available on the Web site of the International Forum for Democratic Studies. This database will also include links to many historical and current documents, books, and other scholarly resources on democracy. And it will permit searches by author, subject, country or region, journal, date of publication, and other fields.

Finally, it gives me great pleasure to thank David Ben-Nun and Sarah King, interns at the International Forum, for their expert work in compiling and proofreading this issue of the newsletter

Tom Skladony


Proposing a Paper or Panel for the 2005 APSA Annual Meeting: As in 2004 the APSA will use an online system for submitting paper and panel proposals for the 2005 annual meeting in Washington, D.C. For complete information visit and click on “Proposal Submission Guide.”

The overall theme of the 2005 meeting is “Mobilizing Democracy,” and thus we should expect that many other organized sections will sponsor panels on democracy; all the more reason for the Comparative Democratization Section to offer an exceptionally robust range of panels. Toward that end, program chair Eva Bellin (Hunter College) encourages panel and paper submissions that demonstrate methodological diversity, that explore the institutional, cultural, social, structural, or institutional determinants of democracy, and that explore the explanatory range of each of these across time and/or space. All paper or panel proposals must be submitted through the APSA Web site by November 14, 2004 at 12:00 midnight Eastern Time.

Report on the 2004 APSA Meeting: The Comparative Democratization Section sponsored or cosponsored twenty-seven panels at the 2004 APSA annual meeting in Chicago. For a listing visit and scroll down to Section 45. Papers presented at the meeting are available at

The Section’s annual business meeting and reception were held on Saturday evening, September 4. Highlights of the meeting included the installation of new officers; the awarding of prizes for the best book, article, and field work; and the announcement of the launching of the Juan Linz Prize for Best Dissertation in Comparative Study of Democracy. For complete details see the minutes prepared by Carrie Manning (Georgia State University) and the statement of Juan Linz, below.

Minutes of the Annual Business Meeting, September 4, 2004

Welcome to the meeting. Section president Cynthia McClintock (George Washington U.) called the meeting to order and thanked the officers of the section for their work during the year. The meeting was held at 6 p.m. in Boulevard B of the Chicago Hilton Hotel, and was attended by approximately 45 people.

Previous minutes. Minutes of the 2003 meeting were distributed at the beginning of the meeting.

Treasurer愀 report. Section treasurer Bill Reisinger (U. of Iowa) gave the report on the section’s finances. We have collected $2,120 in section dues. After subtracting expenses for the reception, the speaker at this year’s meeting, and prize money, the section ends the year with a net balance of $1,017.15. In addition, the section has collected roughly $12,000 in donations to the Juan Linz fund to endow the section’s prize for best dissertation. Anyone interested in making a donation to the fund should contact Bill.

Visiting scholars. Tom Skladony (NED) introduced this year’s visiting scholars, whose attendance at the annual meeting was once again sponsored by the National Endowment for Democracy. The Comparative Democratization section sponsored a roundtable, “Bridging the Gap,” at the APSA meeting, bringing together four scholars representing think tanks from a network of democratic research institutes supported by NED. The visiting scholars were from Korea, Romania, Ghana, and Colombia.


Chair’s report. Cynthia McClintock reported that membership in the section was steady at around 620 members. The section sponsored or cosponsored 27 panels at this year’s meeting. Three issues of the section’s electronic newsletter, put together by Tom Skladony, were issued since last year’s meeting, in October, January, and June. January’s newsletter featured the first bibliographic review essays on democracy in a particular region, an essay by John Harbeson (CUNY) on Africa. The section plans a series of these essays by section members. Cynthia also pointed out that the section Web site is up and past issues of the newsletter can be found there. An appeal was made for members to post their syllabi for both general and region-specific courses relevant to the section theme. These should be emailed to Tom Skladony at

Program chair’s report. This year’s program chair, John Harbeson, noted with satisfaction that the percentage of papers and panels submitted to the section by graduate students was very high. He said that 22 panel propsals were received and 10 accepted. 150 individual paper proposals were submitted. John urged section members to attend the section’s sponsored panels at next year’s annual meeting, as attendance counts toward the following year’s allotment of sponsored panels for the section.

Next year’s program chair Eva Bellin (Hunter College) pointed out that next year’s APSA meeting theme is comparative democratization. She appealed for panel and paper submissions for next year’s conference and especially welcomed panel submissions that demonstrate methodological diversity, that explore the institutional, cultural, social, structural, or institutional determinants of democracy, and that explore the explanatory range of each of these across time and/or space.

Newsletter. Tom Skladony appealed to members for news items and for more volunteers to write book notes or bibliographic review essays. He said that the News from Members section was working well, and noted that a good bit of information on fellowship and job opportunities had been passed along. He asked whether there was interest among members in posting exchanges of queries and requests for all section members. Finally, Tom pointed out that the mailing list for the newsletter is given to the section by APSA from APSA’s list of dues-paying members for the section. New mailing lists are sent from APSA for every new mailing. Anyone who is not receiving the newsletter should get in touch with Tom.

Best book award. The award for best book on comparative democratization was presented to Nancy Bermeo for her book, Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times: The Citizenry and the Breakdown of Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2003). Richard Vengroff (U. Connecticut) chaired the panel and presented the award. The other members of the panel were Sharon Wolchik (George Washington U.), and Shaheen Mozaffar (Bridgewater State College).

Best article award. The section’s award for best article was presented to Quan Li (Penn State) and Rafael Reuveny (Indiana) for “Economic Globalization and Democracy: An Empirical Analysis.” Val Bunce (Cornell, committee chair), who presented the award, worked with Joseph Klesner (Kenyon College) and Gretchen Casper (Penn State) on the selection panel.

Best field work award. The prize for best field work was awarded for the first time this year, in an effort to reward and encourage graduate students to undertake field work. The selection committee included Nancy Bermeo (Princeton, chair), Michael Foley (Catholic U.) and Mike Hanshard (Northwestern U.). Emilia Gioreva, a Ph.D. candidate from the University of Florida supervised by Leslie Anderson, earned the award for field work on rural women in Bulgaria and Ecuador.

Best dissertation prize. The first Juan Linz Prize for Best Dissertation in the Comparative Study of Democracy will be awarded at next year’s annual meeting. Larry Diamond (Hoover Institution) described the section’s success in getting the Linz prize up and running, and provided details on the award, which will consider dissertations in the area of comparative democratization that examine the transitions, consolidation, breakdowns, and crises of democracy. The work may compare different countries, or apply theoretical and comparative insights to single case studies. It must be empirical but contribute to the advancement of theory. This is the 10th endowed prize to be established by a section of the APSA. Larry gave an overview of Linz’s career, emphasizing his work with graduate students. Jonathan Hartlyn (UNC Chapel Hill) then read a statement from Juan Linz thanking the section for the honor.


New officers. Cynthia McClintock announced the installation of the section’s new officers: Gretchen Casper (Penn State) as vice chair and Carrie Manning (Georgia State U.) as secretary.

New proposals. There was a brief discussion of the fact that APSA itself does not have competitive elections for its leadership positions. This was followed by calls for the section to back a nominee for the APSA Council.

Shaheen Mozzaffar proposed that the section consider offering its members a discounted rate for a subscription to the Journal of Democracy as part of section dues. Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner said they would look into the possibilities, but Larry said he preferred to make a discounted subscription an option to members, if possible, rather than to add it automatically to section dues.

The section meeting adjourned at 7 pm for the annual reception, cosponsored by the National Endowment for Democracy.

Carrie Manning, Section Secretary Statement of Juan Linz on the Announcement of the Juan Linz Dissertation Prize
At its business meeting on September 5, 2004 the Comparative Democratization Section of the American Political Science Association announced the inauguration of the Juan Linz Prize for Best Dissertation in the Comparative Study of Democracy, to be awarded beginning in 2005. Professor Linz, who could not be present at the meeting, sent the statement below, which was read by Jonathyn Hartlyn (UNC/Chapel Hill).

I regret very much not to be here with many former students, colleagues, and friends who are meeting to announce the dissertation prize that has been created in my name. I am moved by their initiative and decision and want to express to them, the Section on democratization, and APSA, my heartfelt thanks. I am sure the prize will stimulate and reward students to make great contributions to the themes mentioned in the announcement.

It is not only a honour but a great pleasure since I always have considered directing dissertations a most important and pleasing part of my academic life. I am also happy that the prize is working on democracy in all its variety, its successes and failures, a topic on which my students have done outstanding dissertations and to which I have devoted much of my work since preparing in 1950 a presentation at a colloquium at a French Science Po student summer camp based on the classic work of Hans Kelsen. My essay on Robert Michels, the work on the breakdown of democracy, the research on the Spanish transition to democracy, and the book with Alfred Stepan on transitions and consolidations are part of that continuing interest. More recently, my focus has been on the types of democratic regimes: presidentialism and now federalism and democracy. There is much work to be done on democratic institutions and their consequences, on the selection of democratic political elites, the tensions between their responsiveness and responsibility, the quality of democracy, without limiting attention to participation, the limits of what democracy can do in the government of states and the “fragility” of democracy.

I feel that there is an urgent need to do serious empirical and theoretically oriented research on how democracies work in many countries, both country and comparative studies. We need to go beyond the worldwide analysis of conditions for and performance of democracies and microanalysis of specific institutions in advanced democracies that tend to dominate the field. I find that we know too little. The task involves keeping distinct the implications of democratic political processes from the performance of states, their bureaucracies, and their economies, without ignoring the linkages with the more specific democratic institutions and processes of democratization. The study of democratic politics should not become dominated by the political economy of democratic countries. We have to know what difference does democracy make, what it can do and what it fails to do. The failures of democracies lead to breakdowns which are not only the results of the strength or cunning of their antagonists, but of the failures or low quality of democratic leadership. We need to know more about by what processes, in which institutional setting, such leaders have obtained power democratically and exercise it.

Although I tend to believe that the majority of voters rarely destroy democracies and generally make reasonable decisions, we should ask ourselves why they make choices detrimental to democracy. Certainly, institutions frame and limit their choices, for example referenda, in undesirable ways, but there are signs of deterioration of the “quality” of voters we cannot ignore. Politicians responsive to such voters rather than changing-educating-their preferences, should resist to respond to such an electorate. I have devoted much effort to public opinion research, but increasingly find it disturbing that politicians should respond to and follow public opinion rather than shaping the political discourse, educating the voters, and making them aware of the complexity of issues.

I cannot emphasize enough the “fragility” of democracy. I hope that future holders of the prize will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the questions I have raised.

And again, thanks for the initiative, the efforts, the generosity, of so many friends and the honour. Best wishes to future recipients, I hope they will enjoy their work as much as I did.

Juan J. Linz
Hamden, August 29, 2004


Archie Brown, professor of politics, St. Antony’s College, Oxford, edited The Demise of Marxism-Leninism in Russia (Palgrave/Macmillan, 2004), a collection of essays on the ideas that contributed to the downfall of Communism. Mr. Brown also wrote “The Soviet Union: Reform of the System or Systemic Transformation?” (Slavic Review, Fall 2004), a study of reform processes in the final years of the Soviet Union.

Michael Coppedge, associate professor of political science, Notre Dame, published “Explaining Democratic Deterioration in Venezuela Through Nested Inference” in The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America. Frances Hagopian and Scott Mainwaring edited the book, forthcoming from Cambridge University Press in 2005.

Mr. Coppedge also published “Venezuela: Popular Sovereignty versus Liberal Democracy,” in Constructing Democratic Governance, 2nd ed. (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), edited by Jorge I. Dom璯guez and Michael Shifter. His recent conference papers include “The Conditional Impact of the Economy on Democracy in Latin America” (presented in June at an Uppsala University conference on “Democratic Advancements and Setbacks: What Have We Learnt?”) and “Two Persistent Dimensions of Democracy” (written with Angel Alvarez and Claudia Maldonado and presented in May at the Kellogg Institute, University of Notre Dame).

John P. Entelis, professor of political science and director of the Middle East Studies Program, Fordham University, published “L’h廨itage contradictoire de Bourguiba: modernisation et intol廨ance politique,” in Habib Bourghuiba: La Trace et l’Heritage (Karthala, 2004), edited by Michel Camau and Vincent Geisser. In September he presented a paper entitled “The Democratic Imperative versus the Authoritarian Temptation: The Maghreb State Between Transition and Terrorism” at a conference on “Islamism, Authoritarian Retrenchment, and Democratization in the Muslim World,” organized by the Naval Postgraduate School and the Institute for International, Comparative, and Area Studies, University of California, San Diego.

Jonathan Fox, a 2004-2005 Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, was recently awarded the Latin American Studies Association’s 2004 LASA/OXFAM America Martin Diskin Memorial Lectureship for his work on democratization and civil society in Mexico.

Venelin I. Ganev, assistant professor of political science, Miami University, published “History, Politics, and the Constitution: Ethnic Conflict and Constitutional Adjudication in Postcommunist Bulgaria.” The article appeared in the Spring 2004 Slavic Review.

James L. Gibson, Sidney W. Souers Professor of Government, Washington University in St. Louis, recently completed Overcoming Apartheid: Can Truth Reconcile a Divided Nation? (Russell Sage Foundation, 2004). In May Mr. Gibson presented the book at a panel discussion in New York organized by the International Center for Transitional Justice. In August he also presented the book in Cape Town at an event organized by the Human Sciences Research Council Press, where his commentators included principal actors in the truth and reconciliation process in South Africa.

Henry E. Hale, assistant professor of political science, Indiana University (Bloomington), published “The Origins of United Russia and the Putin Presidency: The Role of Contingency in Party-System Development” in the Spring 2004 Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization. Mr. Hale also published “Divided We Stand: Institutional Sources of Ethnofederal State Survival and Collapse” in the January 2004 World Politics. And he wrote “Russia’s Presidential Election and the Fate of Democracy: Taking the Cake” for the May 2004 AAASS NewsNet, the newsletter of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies.

Marc Morj� Howard, assistant professor of government, Georgetown University, has won two awards for his book The Weakness of Civil Society in Post-Communist Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2003): the 2004 APSA Award for the Best Book on European Politics (presented by the European Politics and Society Section) and the 2004 Virginia Hodgkinson Research Prize (presented by Independent Sector).

Terry Lynn Karl, professor of political science, Stanford University, was named the Gildred Professor of Latin American Studies at that university in June. With Ian Gary she published Bottom of the Barrel: Africa’s Oil Boom and the Poor (Catholic Relief Services, 2003), a research monograph on how the current oil boom in sub-Saharan Africa-and the surge in foreign investment generated by the boom-are being managed by African states.

J. Ray Kennedy has been appointed vice chair of the Joint Electoral Management Body, the part of the United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan responsible for overseeing voter registration and election processes in Afghanistan during the transition period.

Lawrence Michael Ladutke, assistant professor of political science, University of Richmond (Virginia), recently completed Freedom of Expression in El Salvador: The Struggle for Human Rights and Democracy (McFarland, 2004). The study examines the results of the 1992 peace accords, including recent government actions that may undermine them, and makes recommendations for expanding freedom of expression in countries like El Salvador.

Andrew Lawrence, lecturer in government and politics, University of Virginia, published “From Collective Action to Institutionalized Labor Rights: Parallel and Diverging Logics of Collective Action in Germany and South Africa” in the June 2004 New Political Science. The article focuses on the comparative democratization of the labor movements in the two countries.

Staffan I. Lindberg, Ph.D. candidate, department of political science, Lund University (Sweden), advises section members that in recent years his department has recruited a number of junior scholars working on democratization in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. The group constitutes an informal Third World Studies Center and would welcome increased contact, visits, and lectures by U.S.-based democracy scholars. For more information write to Mr. Lindberg at

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, professor of politics, New York University, and senior fellow, Hoover Institution, along with coauthors Alastair Smith, Randolph M. Siverson, and James D. Morrow, received the 2004 Best Book Award of the APSA Conflict Processes Section for The Logic of Political Survival (MIT Press, 2003). The work develops a theory of governance tied to institutional forms and the incentives they produce to provide good or bad policy from leaders motivated to retain their jobs.

Riccardo Pelizzo recently moved from Johns Hopkins University to Singapore Management University to take up a position as assistant professor of political science. His dissertation, “Cartel Parties and Cartel Party Systems,” received an honorable mention in the 2004 best dissertation competition of the ASPA’s European Politics and Society Section. Mr. Pelizzo’s article, “Party Positions or Party Direction?” (West European Politics, April 2003), received one of two Vincent Wright Awards for the best article published by that journal in 2003.

Richard Rose, director, Centre for the Study of Public Policy, University of Strathclyde, published “Russian Responses to Transformation: Trends in Public Opinion since 1992” (Centre for the Study of Public Policy, 2004), an analysis of how Russians have responded to the postcommunist political and economic transformation of their society. The research is based on thirteen nationwide opinion surveys, including a postpresidential-election study from March 2004. With Neil Munro and William Mishler, Mr. Rose also wrote “Resigned Acceptance of an Incomplete Democracy: Russia’s New Political Equilibrium” (Post-Soviet Affairs, September 2004).

Sebastian Royo, associate professor of government, Suffolk University, published “From Authoritarianism to the European Union: The Europeanization of Portugal” in the Summer 2004 Mediterranean Quarterly. He also contributed “Los Retos de la Ampliaci鏮 de la Uni鏮 Europea para Espa鎙” to Perspectivas Exteriores 2004: Los Intereses de Espa鎙 en el Mundo (Fundaci鏮 para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Di嫮ogo Exterior, 2004). With Paul C. Manuel he also edited Spain and Portugal in the European Union: The First Fifteen Years (Frank Cass, 2003).

J. Mark Ruhl, professor of political science, Dickinson College, published “Curbing Central America’s Militaries” in the July 2004 Journal of Democracy. The article argues that since the end of the Cold War, Central America has seen a region-wide diminution of military influence that bodes well for democratic governance and healthier civil-military relations.

Andreas Schedler, professor of political science, Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas (CIDE, Mexico City), published “Arguing and Observing: Internal and External Critiques of Judicial Impartiality” in the September 2004 Journal of Political Philosophy. The article analyzes methodological differences that separate the internal logic of argumentation, which evaluates the validity of legal judgments, and an external logic of association, which examines observable correlates of legal decision making.

Gregory D. Schmidt, professor of government, Northern Illinois University, recently published Peru: The Politics of Surprise, a monograph in the McGraw-Hill Comparative Governance series edited by W. Phillips Shively. Mr. Schmidt and Kyle L. Saunders contributed “Effective Quotas, Relative Party Magnitude, and the Success of Female Candidates: Peruvian Municipal Elections in Comparative Perspective” to the August 2004 Comparative Political Studies.

Carsten Q. Schneider, assistant professor of political science, Central European University (Budapest), and Philippe C. Schmitter, professor emeritus of political science, European University Institute (Florence) will publish “Liberalization, Transition, and Consolidation: Measuring the Components of Democratization” in the December 2004 Democratization.

Mark Ungar, associate professor of political science, Brookyn College, City University of New York, is a 2004-2005 fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, where he is conducting a comparative study of police reform in Latin America.


Georgetown University’s Center for Democracy and the Third Sector is pleased to announce the third annual Visiting Faculty Fellowship competition for the 2005-2006 academic year. Fellowships provide support for scholars, researchers, and specialists with experience equivalent to a Ph.D. to pursue research on all aspects of the relationship between, and interactions among, democratic governance and the third sector.

The Center will award a maximum of two visiting faculty fellowships. The term of the fellowship is for one academic year, from August to May. Fellows are required to teach one graduate level seminar during their tenure at the Center. For more information, download an Application Package (pdf) at All application materials must be received by CDATS by January 15, 2005.


epsNet held its 2004 plenary conference, “Political Science after the EU Enlargement: Challenges to the Discipline,” in Prague on June 18-19. More information, including a complete listing of papers presented at the conference, is available at

On September 10-12 the EPOP (Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties) section of the Political Studies Association of the UK held its annual conference at the University of Oxford. The conference included a number of panels and roundtables addressing such topics as devolution, heterogeneity in voting behavior, electoral systems, the extreme right, and voter turnout. For a complete list of events and more information on the conference, visit

SGIR (Standing Group on International Relations) held the Fifth Pan-European International Relations Conference on September 9-11 at The Hague, entitled “Constructing World Orders.” The conference, which is held every three years, featured numerous panels dealing with such topics as “Conflict Resolution in the Context of World Order,” “Democratic Peace,” and “Governance, Power, and Territory.” For a complete listing of sections, panels, and papers visit

The Australian Political Studies Association held its 2004 annual meeting at the University of Adelaide on September 29-October 1. It featured panels on Australian and New Zealand Politics, Gender and Sexuality, International and Comparative Politics, Media and Popular Culture, Political and Social Theory, and Public Policy. More information is available at


The Northeastern Political Science Association holds its 2004 annual meeting in Boston on November 11-13. Panel sessions will include topics ranging from civil society in Asia to postcommunist societies. More information, including a preliminary program, is available at

On November 11-14 the African Studies Association will hold its annual meeting in New Orleans. The theme for this year’s event will be “The Power of Expression: Identity, Language, and Memory in Africa and the Diaspora.” Among the many subthemes being addressed are “The Power of Expression: Political Transitions, Civil Conflict, and Democracy” and “Languages of Movement: Grassroots Activism and Popular Mobilization.” For more details visit

The Middle East Studies Association will be hold its 2004 annual meeting in San Francisco on November 20-23. The meeting will include panels devoted to the Ottoman Empire, the relationship between Islam and political life, and other topics. A detailed preliminary program can be found at

The American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies will hold its annual conference in Boston on December 4-7. More information and a preliminary program are available at

The Southern Political Science Association will hold its annual meeting in New Orleans on January 6-8, 2005. Visit for more details.



The June 2004 (Volume 11, no. 3) issue of Democratization features studies of democracy theory, South Africa, constitutions, and democracy promotion. For abstracts of articles listed below, visit (

“How Important Are New Constitutions for Democratic Consolidation? Lessons from the Post-communist States” by Allison Stanger

“Democracy Promotion: The Relationship of Political Parties and Civil Society” by Carl Gershman

“Post-conflict Elections and the Process of Demilitarizing Politics: The Role of Electoral Administration” by Terrence Lyons

“Party Research: Western European Bias and the ‘African Labyrinth'” by Gero Erdmann

“Predatory versus Development Rule in Africa” by Arthur A. Goldsmith

“Democratic Theory, the Courts and the Press” by Irwin P. Stotzky

“The Building of the Democratic Tradition in South Africa’s Trade Unions after 1973” by Sakhela Buhlungu

The August 2004 (Volume 11, no. 4) issue is a special edition on religion and democracy. It features studies of the relationships between democracy and each of the world’s major religions-Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. For abstracts of articles listed below, please visit (

“Introduction: Religion, Democracy, and Democratization” by John Anderson

“Did Protestantism Create Democracy?” by Steve Bruce

“Evangelical Protestantism and Democratization in Contemporary Latin America and Asia” by Paul Freston

“Weber in Latin America: Is Protestant Growth Enabling the Consolidation of Democratic Capitalism?” by Anthony Gill

“Religion and Democratization in Africa” by Jeff Haynes

“Islam, Muslim Polities, and Democracy” by Anoushiravan Ehteshami

“The Islamist Discourse of the FIS and the Democratic Experiment in Algeria” by Claire Heristchi

“Democracy and Hindu Nationalism” by Chetan Bhatt

“Buddhism, Democracy, and Identity in Thailand” by Duncan McCargo

“Churches and the Consolidation of Democratic Culture: Difference and Convergence in the Czech Republic and Hungary” by Zsolt Enyedi and Joan O’Mahony

Journal of Democracy

The October 2004 (Volume 15, no. 4) issue of the Journal of Democracy features a cluster of seven articles on the quality of democracy, studies of Latin American presidencies, the Philippines, Serbia, and Africa, as well as a debate on democracy in the Muslim world. For selected online articles and the tables of contents of all Journal issues, visit

“Latin American Presidencies Interrupted” by Arturo Valenzuela
Over the last two decades, Latin America has seen more than a dozen presidencies come to a premature end. It is time to consider changing constitutional designs that promote conflict rather than more consensual ways of doing politics.

The Quality of Democracy
I. “An Overview” by Larry Diamond and Leonardo Morlino
Since most of the world’s sovereign states are now democracies, there is a growing scholarly focus on “good” or “better” democracy, and on how improvements can not only be measured, but encouraged.

II. “Why the Rule of Law Matters” by Guillermo O’Donnell
Law-based rule means a set of basic conditions that make civic life possible. A democratic rule of law requires all that and more, however.

III. “The Ambiguous Virtues of Accountability” by Philippe C. Schmitter
A key to “modern representative political democracy” is accountability, but the task of assessing it must be carefully thought through.

IV. “Freedom as the Foundation” by David Beetham
Freedom has always been integral to democracy. How to guard liberty is a question every democratic regime must answer. 

V. “Addressing Inequality” by Dietrich Rueschemeyer
Democracy requires robust political equality, but the persistence of social, economic, and cultural inequality complicates its realization.

VI. “The Chain of Responsiveness” by G. Bingham Powell, Jr.
Responsiveness may be conceived as a series of linkages intended to ensure that governments respect the preferences of the governed.

VII. “A Skeptical Afterword” by Marc F. Plattner
Asking what makes a good democracy is a noble and sensible enterprise, but it will always point beyond the borders of empirical political science.

“Philippine Politics and the Rule of Law” by Steven Rogers
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s election as president in her own right capped a campaign that spoke well of Philippine democracy, but yawning gaps in the rule of law obstruct the road to consolidation. 

I. “The Persistence of Arab Authoritarianism” by Burhan Ghalioun
The lack of democracy in the Arab world is a problem that goes far beyond the absence of competitive elections. This lack must be traced not to religion or culture, but to adverse historical and geostrategic circumstances. 

II. “The Reality of Muslim Exceptionalism” by Sanford Lakoff
The notion that the Muslim world as a whole does not suffer from a deficit in terms of competitive democracy is appealing, but rests on evidence and assumptions that cannot withstand critical scrutiny.

III. “Arab, Not Muslim, Exceptionalism” by Alfred Stepan and Gramem B. Robertson
Muslim-majority, non-Arab countries are “overachievers” at electoral competitiveness. Arab countries, by contrast, constitute a distinctive political community that at present is inhospitable to competitive elections.

“The ‘Alternation’ Effect in Africa” by Michael Bratton
Surveys show that Africans’ commitment to democracy fades over time, but also that their support can be refreshed by alternations in power via elections.

“Stolen Elections: The Case of the Serbian October” by Mark R. Thompson and Philipp Kuntz
Slobodan Milo塄vi? fell in the fall of 2000 after he tried to pervert national elections results. He had tempered with elections before and survived. What made 2000 different, and what are the lessons to be learned from it? 


This section of the newsletter features selected articles that appeared in journals received by the NED’s Democracy Resource Center.

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 21, no. 2, Spring 2004
“In Search of Islamic Constitutionalism” by Nadirsyah Hosen

“Challenging Authoritarianism, Colonialism, and Disunity: The Islamic Political Reform Movements of al-Afghani and Rida” by Ahmed Ali Salem

Asian Ethnicity, Vol. 5, no. 3, October 2004 
“Democratisation and the Dilemma of Nation-building in Post-Suharto Indonesia: The Case of Aceh” by Aleksius Jemadu

Asian Survey, Vol. XLIV, no. 2, March/April 2004
“Southeast Asia in a New Era: Domestic Coalitions from Crisis to Recovery” by Etel Solingen

“Leadership Transition, Intra-Party Democracy, and Institution Building in China” by Gang Lin

Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 17, no. 2, July 2004
“Governance in Central Asia: National in Form, Soviet in Content” by E. Wayne Merry

Central Asian Survey, Vol. 23, no. 1, March 2004 
“Civil Society, Religious Freedom, and Islam Karimov: Uzbekistan’s Struggle for a Decent Society” by John R. Pottenger

China Journal, Issue 52, July 2004 
“Civil Society and the Anatomy of a Rural NGO” by Xin Zhang and Richard Baum

Mutual Empowerment of State and Peasantry: Village Self-Government in Rural China by Xu Wang. Reviewed by Ben Hillman

Local Government and Politics in China: Challenges from Below, by Yang Zhong. Reviewed by Joseph Yu-shek Cheng

The China Review, Vol. 4, no. 1, Spring 2004
“Bringing the Party Back In: the CCP and the Trajectory of Market Transition in China” by Alexei Shevchenko

“Communist Party Membership in Five Former Soviet-bloc Countries, 1945-1989” by Gary N. Marks

Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 37, no. 3, September 2004 
“The Post-Communist Left and the European Union. The Czech Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSCM) and the German Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS)” by Dan Hough and Vladimir Handl

“The Chinese and Japanese Communist Parties: Three Decades of Discord and Reconciliation, 1966-1998” by Peter Berton

Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 37, no. 5, June 2004
“Government Capacities and Policy Making by Decree in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil and Argentina” by Gabriel L. Negretto

“Rationality and Identity in the Participation Choices of Female Maquila Workers” by Mary J. Bellman

Russia’s Road to Deeper Democracy by Tom Bjorkman. Reviewed by Bryon J. Moraski

Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 37, no. 6, August 2004 
“Islam and Democracy: Micro-Level Indications of Compatibility” by Steven Ryan Hofmann

“The Influence of Party Systems on Citizens’ Perceptions of Corruption and Electoral Response in Latin America” by Charles L. Davis, Roderic Al Camp, and Kenneth M. Coleman

The Democratic Peace and Territorial Conflict in the Twentieth Century by Paul K. Huth and Todd L. Allee. Reviewed by Tansa George Massoud

Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 37, no. 7, September 2004
“Democracy and Human Capital Formation: Education Spending in Latin America, 1980 to 1997” by David S. Brown and Wendy Hunter

Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 37, no. 8, October 2004
“Explaining Voter Turnout in Latin America, 1980 to 2000” by Carolina A. Fornos, Timothy J. Power, and James C. Garand

Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times: The Citizenry and the Breakdown of Democracy by Nancy Bermeo. Reviewed by Cyrus Ernesto Zirakzadeh

Comparative Politics, Vol. 36, no. 3, April 2004 
“Leading Labor: Unions, Politics, and Protest in New Democracies” by Graeme B. Robertson

“Participatory Publics: Civil Society and New Institutions in Democratic Brazil” by Brian Wampler and Leonardo Avritzer

“Political Clientelism, Democracy, and Market Economy” by Luis Roniger

Comparative Politics, Vol. 36, no. 4, July 2004
“Political Parties in Ghana through Four Republics: A Path to Democratic Consolidation” by Minion K. C. Morrison

Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, no. 1, April 2004
“Thaksin and the Politics of Domestic and Regional Consolidation in Thailand” by N. Ganesan

“Challenging Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia” by Wang Gungwu

Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, no. 2, August 2004 
“Political Transition in Myanmar: A New Model for Democratization” by Ashley South

“The Paradox of Indonesian Democracy” by Leonard C. Sebastian

“Local Elections and Party Politics in Post-Reformasi Indonesia: A View from Yogyakarta

Current History, Vol. 103, no. 673, May 2004
“Nigeria’s Democratic Generals” by Robert B. Lloyd

Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 12, no. 2, Spring 2004
“Where is Russia Going? Putin’s Second Term” by Vladimir Brovkin

“Managed Democracy? Building Stealth Authoritarianism in St. Petersburg” by Gordon M. Hahn

“Russia’s Political Party System as an Impediment to Democratization” by Jonathan W. Riggs and Peter J. Schraeder

“Civil Society in the Post-Communist Context: Linking Theoretical Concept and Social Transformation” by Tanya Narozhna

“Georgia, Moldova, and Bulgaria: Dismantling Communist Structures Is Hardly Extremism” Interview with Irina Sarishvili-Chanturia, Iurie Ro䬙a, and Philip Dimitrov

East European Politics and Societies, Vol. 18, no. 2, Spring 2004 
“From Good Communists to Even Better Capitalists? Entrepreneurial Pathways in Post-Socialist Romania” by C?t?lin Augustin Stoica

“Civil Society Development and Democratic Values in Romania and Moldova” by Gabriel B?descu, Paul Sum, and Eric M. Uslaner

Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, no. 3, May 2004
“State Legitimacy and the (In)significance of Democracy in Post-Communist Russia” by Rudra Sil and Cheng Chen

“Russian Parties and the Political Internet” by Luke March
“When Does Turnout Matter? The Case of Poland” by Clare McManus-Czubi?ska, William L. Miller, Rados?aw Markowski, and Jacek Wasiliewski

Political Parties in Russian Regions by Derek S. Hutcheson. Reviewed by Joan DeBardeleben

Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, no. 4, June 2004
“The CEE Countries on the way into the EU – Adjustment Problems: Institutional Adjustment, Real and Nominal Convergence” by R?猄na Vintrov�

“President, Party and Nationality Policy in Latvia, 1991-1999” by Helen M. Morris

Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, no. 5, July 2004 
“Ruling with Decrees: Presidential Decree Making in Russia and Ukraine” by Oleh Protsyk

“Press Freedom during the 1994 and 1999 Presidential Elections in Ukraine: A Reverse Wave?” by Olena Nikolayenko

Poles Together? Emergence and Development of Political Parties in Post-Communist Poland by Aleks Szczerbiak. Reviewed by Krysztof Jasiewicz

Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, no. 6, September 2004 
Democratic Government in Poland: Constitutional Politics Since 1989 by George Sanford. Reviewed by Zbigniew Anthony Kruszewski

Post-Communist Ukraine by Bohdan Harasymiw. Reviewed by Kataryna Wolczuk

Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, no. 4, July/August 2004 
“Strengthening African Leadership” by Robert I. Rotberg

“China’s Hidden Democratic Legacy” by Orville Schell

Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, no. 5, September/October 2004
“Why Democracies Excel” by Joseph T. Siegle, Michael M. Weinstein, and Morton H. Halperin

“Turkey’s Dreams of Accession” by David L. Phillips

“Indonesia’s Quiet Revolution” by Lex Rieffel

Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 6, November/December 2004 
“Buying Time in Tehran” by Afshin Molavi

Human Rights Brief, Vol. 11, no. 3, Spring 2004
“The Evolution of Democracy and Human Rights in Latin America: A Ten Year Perspective” by Sonia Picado

Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 26, no. 2, May 2004
Realizing the Promise for Ourselves: Human Rights Under African Constitutions edited by Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im. Reviewed by Hugh Corder

Policing Post-Communist Societies: Police-Public Violence, Democratic Policing, and Human Rights by Niels Uildirks and Piet Van Reenen. Reviewed by Michael D. Wiatrowski and Nathan Pino

Internationale Politik, Vol. 5, no. 3, Fall 2004 
“Democratizing the Mideast” by Udo Steinbach

“Watering Down Mideast Democratization” by Nikolas K. Gvosdev

Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 20, no. 1, March 2004
“‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ Democracies: How to Conduct Research in the Quality of Democracy” by Leonardo Morlino

“The Quality of Democracies in Europe as Measured by Current Indicators of Democratization and Good Governance” by Dirk Berg-Schlosser

“Disengaged or Disenchanted? The Vote ‘Against All’ in Post-Communist Russia” by Derek S. Hutcheson

“The Quality of Democracy in Belarus and Ukraine” by Elena A. Korosteleva

Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 20, no. 2, June 2004 
“Authoritarian Transformations of the Mid-Volga National Republics: An Attempt at Macro-Regionology” by Kimitaka Matsuzato

Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 20, no. 3, September 2004 
“Getting the Right Right: Redefining the Centre-Right in Post-Communist Europe” by Se嫕 Hanley

“Blue Velvet: The Rise and Decline of the New Czech Right” by Se嫕 Hanley

“The Polish Centre-Right’s (Last?) Best Hope: The Rise and Fall of Solidarity Electoral Action” by Aleks Szczerbiak

“Concentrated Orange: Fidesz and the Remaking of the Hungarian Centre-Right, 1994-2002” by Brigid Fowler

“All Right Now? Explaining the Successes and Failures of the Slovak Centre-Right” by Tim Haughton and Marek Ryb�?

“What Is the Right Way in East-Central Europe?” by Paul G. Lewis

Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 13, no. 39, May 2004
“Economic Change and Political Development in China: Findings from a Public Opinion Survey” by Yanlai Wang, Nicholas Rees and Bernadette Andreosso-O’Callaghan

“The Impact of Elections on the Village Structure of Power: the Relations between the Village Committees and the Party Branches” by Guo Zhenglin with Thomas P. Bernstein

Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 13, no. 40, August 2004
“The Tangled Web: Does the Internet Offer Promise or Peril for the Chinese Communist Party?” by Tamara Renee Shie

Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 42, no. 2, June 2004 
“Political Institutions and Developmental Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa” by Rod Alence

“The ANC and the Development of Party Politics in Modern South Africa” by Tom Lodge

Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 42, no. 3, September 2004 
“Violent Conflicts and Governance Challenges in West Africa: The Case of the Mano River Basin Area” by Amos Sawyer

Human Rights under African Constitutions edited by Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im. Reviewed by Mathurin C. Houngnikpo

Journal of Politics, Vol. 66, no. 2, May 2004 
“Institutional Change and Persistance: The Evolution of Poland’s Electoral System: 1989-2001” by Kenneth Benoit and Jacqueline Hayden

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. XXVII, no. 3, Spring 2004
“The Consequences of a Failed Iraqi State: An Independent Kurdish State in Northern Iraq?” by Michael Gunter

“Identity Politics and Electoral Competition in Turkey: The Turkish General Elections of 1999” by Yucel Bozdaglioglu

Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 46, no. 2, Summer 2004
“Expanding Accountability Through Participatory Institutions: Mayors, Citizens, and Budgeting in Three Brazilian Municipalities” by Brian Wampler

“Financial Globalization, Democracy, and Economic Reform in Latin America” by Susan Minushkin

Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 46, no. 3, Fall 2004
“Local Democracy and the Transformation of Popular Participation in Chile” by Paul W. Posner

“Mexico’s Neoliberal Democracy and Its Critics” by Chappell Lawson

Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times: The Citizenry and the Breakdown of Democracy by Nancy Bermeo. Reviewed by W. Rand Smith

Christian Democracy in Latin America: Electoral Competition and Regime Conflicts edited by Scott Mainwaring and Timothy R. Scully. Reviewed by Mark P. Jones

Middle East Journal, Vol. 58, no. 3, Summer 2004
“Princes and Parliaments in the Arab World” by Michael Herb

“Dissent in Iranian Elections: Reasons and Implications” by Abbas William Samii

Middle East Policy, Vol. XI, no. 2, Summer 2004
“Iran’s Democracy Debate” by Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

“Oman: Three and a Half Decades of Change and Development” by J. E. Peterson

“Return to Democratization or New Hybrid Regime?: The 2003 Elections in Jordan” by Curtis R. Ryan and Jillian Schwedler

Middle East Policy, Vol. XI, Fall 2004
“Dilemmas of Democratization in the Middle East” by Daniel Neep

Nationalities Papers, Vol. 32, no. 1, March 2004
“Azerbaijan after Heydar Aliev” by Alec Rasizade

Nationalities Papers, Vol. 32, no. 2, June 2004
“U.S.-Uzbek Partnership and Democratic Reforms” by Shahram Akbarzadeh

Nationalities Papers, Vol. 32, no. 3, September 2004 
“Local Elections in Independent Ukraine: The Case Study of Nikolayev” by Olena Yatsunska

“Development and Institutionalisation of Romani Representation and Administration, Part 1” by Ilona Klimova-Alexander

Orbis, Vol. 48, no. 3, Summer 2004
“Dangerous Democracy? American Internationalism and the Greater Near East” by P.H. Liotta and James F. Miskel

Orbis, Vol. 48, no. 4, Fall 2004 
“Post-Democratic Cosmopolitans: The Second Wave of Liberal Internationalism” by Stanley Michalak

“Humanitarian Democracy and the Postpolitical Temptation” by Daniel J. Mahoney

Party Politics, Vol. 10, no. 5, September 2004 
“The Communist Party of Russia: Rural Support and Implications for the Party System” by Stephen K. Wegren

Party Politics, Vol. 10, no. 3, May 2004 
“Voter Profiles and Fragmentation in the Turkish Party System” by Cem Ba?levent, Hasan Kirmano?lu and Burhan ?enatalar

Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 2, no. 1, March 2004
When Majorities Fall: The Russian Parliament, 1990-1993 by Josephine T. Andrews. Reviewed by Jakub Zielinksi

Constitutionalism and Dictatorship: Pinochet, the Junta, and the 1980 Constitution by Robert Barros. Reviewed by Julio Faundez

Liberalism, Democracy, and Development: The Relevance of Liberal Democracy for Developing Countries by Sylvia Chan. Reviewed by Michael A. Lanius

Half-Hearted Reform: Electoral Institutions and the Struggle for Democracy in Indonesia by Dwight Y. King. Reviewed by Paige Johnson Tan

Democracy Challenged: The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism by Marina S. Ottaway. Reviewed by Steven Levitsky

Democratization: Theory and Experience by Laurence Whitehead. Reviewed by Patricio Silva

Learning to Choose: Electoral Politics in East-Central Europe by Hubert Tworzecki. Reviewed by Louise K. Davidson-Schmich

Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 2, no. 2, June 2004 
Stalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State-Sponsored Development by Eva Bellin. Reviewed by Melani Cammett

Liberalization Against Democracy: The Local Politics of Economic Reform in Tunisia by Stephen J. King. Reviewed by Melani Cammett

Democracy and Redistribution by Carles Boix. Reviewed by Gerard Alexander

The Left Transformed in Post-Communist Societies: The Cases of East-Central Europe, Russia and Ukraine edited by Jane Leftwich Curry and Joan Barth Urban. Reviewed by Hubert Tworzecki

Politicians and Economic Reform in New Democracies: Argentina and the Philippines in the 1990s by Kent Eaton. Reviewed by Jeffrey Cason

Overcoming Intolerance in South Africa: Experiments in Democratic Persuasion by James L. Gibson and Amanda Gouws. Reviewed by Kristina Thalhammer

The Weakness of Civil Society in Post-Communist Europe by Marc Morj� Howard. Reviewed by Christiane Olivo

Rising Tide: Gender Equality and Cultural Change Around the World by Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris. Reviewed by Peggy Kahn

Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America by Steven Levitsky. Reviewed by Peter M. Siavelis

Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil by David Samuels. Reviewed by Fabiano Santos

Dissolution: Sovereignty and the Breakup of the Soviet Union by Edward W. Walker. Reviewed by Joel C. Moses

Policy Review, No. 125, June/July 2004 
“The Promise of Arab Liberalism” by Tamara Cofman Wittes

“The False Promise of Arab Liberals” by Jon B. Alterman

Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 119, no. 1, Spring 2004
“Islam, Democracy, and Constitutional Liberalism” by Fareed Zakaria

“Constitutional Courts and Legislative-Executive Relations: The Case of Ukraine” by Trevor L. Brown and Charles R. Wise

Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 31, no. 99, March 2004
“Engineering Civil Society: ICT in Tanzania” by Claire Mercer

“Election Observation in Nigeria and Madagascar: Diplomatic vs. Technocratic Bias” by Dirk Kohnert

Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 31, no. 100, June 2004
“Two Cheers? South African Democracy’s First Decade” by Morris Szeftel

“The ANC and Black Capitalism in South Africa” by Roger Southall

“Traditional Leadership in South Africa’s New Democracy” by Prince Mashele

Third World Quarterly, Vol. 25, no. 5, September 2004 
“Shi’a Political Development in Iraq: the Caes of the Islamic Da’wa Party” by Rodger Shanahan

Third World Quarterly, Vol. 25, no. 6, November 2004
“The Ambivalence of Post-Development: Between Reactionary Populism and Radical Democracy” by Aram Ziai

“Pseudo-democracy in the Muslim World” by Fr嶮廨ic Volpi

“Pacific Asia after ‘Asian Values’: Authoritarianism, Democracy, and ‘Good Governance'” by Mark R. Thompson

“Building ‘Low-Intensity’ Democracy in Haiti: the OAS Contribution” by Yasmine Shamsie

World Politics, Vol. 56, no. 2, January 2004
“The Logic of Clan Politics: Evidence from the Central Asian Trajectories” by Kathleen Collins

“The Dilemmas of Democracy in the Open Economy: Lessons from Latin America” by Marcus J. Kurtz



The 2000 Presidential Election and the Foundations of Party Politics. By Richard Johnston, Michael G. Hagen, and Kathleen Hall Jamieson. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 206 pp.

The American Ballot Box in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. By Richard Franklin Bensel. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 302 pp.

American Law in the 20th Century. By Lawrence M. Friedman. Yale University Press, 2002. 736 pp.

Anti-Immigrantism in Western Democracies: Statecraft, Desire, and the Politics of Exclusion. By Rozanne Lynn Doty. Routledge, 2003. 114 pp.

Blood, Class, and Empire: The Enduring Anglo-American Relationship. By Christopher Hitchens. Nation, 2004. 431 pp.

Campaigns and Elections American Style. 2nd ed. Edited by James A. Thurber and Candice J. Nelson. Westview, 2004. 260 pp.

Congress, Progressive Reform, and the New American State. By Robert Harrison. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 293 pp.

Counting Votes: Lessons from the 2000 Presidential Election in Florida. Edited by Robert P. Watson. University Press of Florida, 2004. 302 pp.

Democracy in Modern Spain. By Richard Gunther, Jose Ramon Montero, and Joan Botella. Yale University Press, 2004. 478 pp.

Democracy’s Voices: Social Ties and the Quality of Public Life in Spain. By Robert M. Fishman. Cornell University Press, 2004. 194 pp.

Democracy Transformed: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Edited by Bruce E. Cain, Russell J. Dalton, and Susan E. Scarrow. Oxford University Press, 2003. 309 pp.

Democratization and the Jews: Munich, 1945-1965. By Anthony D. Kauders. University of Nebraska Press, 2004. 326 pp.

Electoral Realignments: A Critique of an American Genre. By David R. Mayhew. Yale University Press, 2002. 174 pp.

Europe Today: National Politics, European Integration, and European Security. 2nd Edition. Edited by Ronald Tiersky. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 515 pp.

Free Trade Agreements: U.S. Strategies and Priorities. Edited by Jeffrey J. Schott. Institute for International Economics, 2004. 450 pp.

Get Out the Vote! How to Increase Voter Turnout. By Donald P. Green and Alan S. Gerber. Brookings Institution, 2004. 145 pp.

Good Citizenship in America. By David M. Ricci. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 313 pp.

The Invention of the United States Senate. By Daniel Wirls and Stephen Wirls. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 274 pp.

The Last Hurrah: Soft Money and Issue Advocacy in the 2002 Congressional Elections. Edited by David B. Magleby and J. Quin Monson. Brookings Institution, 2004. 320 pp.

On Capitol Hill: The Struggle to Reform Congress and Its Consequences, 1948-2000. By Julian E. Zelizer. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 359 pp.

One Electorate under God? A Dialogue on Religion and American Politics. Edited by E.J. Dionne, Jr., Jean Bethke Elshtain, and Kayla M. Drogosz. Brookings Institution, 2004. 239 pp.

Ordinary Heroes and American Democracy. By Gerald M. Pomper. Yale University Press, 2004. 301 pp.

Overruled? Legislative Overrides, Pluralism, and Contemporary Court-Congress Relations. By Jeb Barnes. Stanford University Press, 2004. 219 pp.

Political Choice in Britain. By Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul F. Whiteley. Oxford University Press, 2004. 371 pp.

The Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush. By Fred I. Greenstein. Princeton University Press, 2004. 317 pp.

The Republican South: Democratization and Partisan Change. By David Lublin. Princeton University Press, 2004. 245 pp.

The Search for American Political Development. By Karen Orren and Stephen Skowronek. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 233 pp.

Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Participation in America. By Adam J. Berinsky. Princeton University Press, 2004. 200 pp.

Voter Turnout and the Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Established Democracies Since 1945. By Mark N. Franklin. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 277 pp.

Voting with Dollars: A New Paradigm for Campaign Finance. By Bruce Ackerman and Ian Ayres. Yale University Press, 2002. 303 pp.

Your Past and the Press: Controversial Presidential Appointments: A Study on the Impact of Interest Groups and Media Activity on the Appointment Process. By Joseph Michael Green. University Press of America, 2004. 167 pp.


Democratic Reform in Africa: The Quality of Progress. Edited by E. Gyimah-Boadi. Lynne Rienner, 2004. 351 pp.

Elusive Equity: Education Reform in Post-Apartheid South Africa. By Edward B. Fiske and Helen F. Ladd. Brookings Institution, 2004. 269 pp.

The State Must Be Our Master of Fire: How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal. Dennis C. Galvan. University of California Press, 2004. 317 pp.


Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience. Edited by John D. Montgomery and Dennis A. Rondinelli. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 245 pp.

China’s Democratic Future: How It Will Happen and Where It Will Lead. By Bruce Gilley. Columbia University Press, 2004. 297 pp.

Democratization and Identity: Regimes and Ethnicity in East and Southeast Asia. Edited by Susan J. Henders. Lexington, 2004. 267 pp.

Indian Democracy: Meanings and Practices. By Rajendra Vora and Suhas Palshikar. Sage, 2003. 447 pp.

Political Parties in Asia: Promoting Reform and Combating Corruption in Eight Countries. Edited by Peter M. Manikas and Laura L. Thornton. The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, 2003. 428 pp.

A Time of Coalitions: Divided We Stand. By Paranjoy Guha Thakurta and Shankar Raghuraman. Sage, 2004. 413 pp.

Understanding the Political Culture of Hong Kong: The Paradox of Activism and Depoliticization. By Lam Wai-Man. M.E. Sharpe, 2004. 312 pp.

Votes and Violence: Electoral Competition and Ethnic Riots in India. By Steven I. Wilkinson. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 293 pp.

Why Ethnic Parties Succeed: Patronage and Ethnic Head Counts in India. By Kanchan Chandra. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 343 pp.


A New Balance: Democracy and Minorities in Post-Communist Europe. Edited by Monica Robotin and Levente Salat. Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Centre and Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, 2004. 326 pp.

Between Dictatorship and Democracy: Russian Post-Communist Political Reform. By Michael McFaul, Nikolai Petrov, and Andrei Ryabov. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004. 364 pp.

Engaging Eurasia’s Separatist States: Unresolved Conflicts and De Facto States. By Dov Lynch. United States Institute of Peace, 2004. 170 pp.

Governing the Locals: Local Self-Government and Ethnic Mobilization in Russia. Tomila Lankina. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 232 pp.

Human Rights in Russia: A Darker Side of Reform. By Jonathan Weiler. Lynne Rienner, 2004. 165 pp.

Hungary and NATO: Problems in Civil-Military Relations. By Jeffrey Simon. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. 144 pp.

NATO and the Czech and Slovak Republics: A Comparative Study in Civil-Military Relations. By Jeffrey Simon. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. 328 pp.

Not by Bread Alone: Social Support in the New Russia. By Melissa L. Caldwell. University of California Press, 2004. 242 pp.

Poland and NATO: A Study in Civil-Military Relations. By Jeffrey Simon. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. 216 pp.

The Politics of Local Government in Russia. Edited by Alfred B. Evans, Jr., and Vladimir Gel’Man. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 300 pp.

Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: Nation Building, Economic Survival, and Civic Activism. Edited by Kathleen Kuehnast and Carol Nechemias. Woodrow Wilson Center Press/Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 357 pp.

Restructuring Post-Communist Russia. Edited by Yitzhak Brudny, Jonathan Frankel, and Stefani Hoffman. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 286 pp.

The Revolution of 1905: A Short History. By Abraham Ascher. Stanford University Press, 2004. 229 pp.

Russia: Experiment with a People. By Robert Service. Harvard University Press, 2004. 432 pp.

Russia’s Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia. By Dmitri V. Trenin, Aleksei V. Malashenko, and Anatol Lieven. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004. 264 pp.

The Soviet Mind: Russian Culture under Communism. By Isaiah Berlin. Edited by Henry Hardy and Strobe Talbott. Brookings Institution, 2004. 242 pp.

Transnational Politics of the Environment: The European Union and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe. By Liliana B. Andonova. MIT Press, 2004. 251 pp.


Building Democracy in Latin America: Second Edition. 2nd ed. By John Peeler. Lynne Rienner, 2004. 249 pp.

Decentralization and Democracy in Latin America. Edited by Alfred P. Montero and David J. Samuels. University of Notre Dame Press, 2004. 320 pp.

Federalism and Democracy in Latin America. Edited by Edward L. Gibson. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 377 pp.

Free Market Democracy and the Chilean and Mexican Countryside. By Marcus J. Kurtz. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 253 pp.

Freedom of Expression in El Salvador: The Struggle for Human Rights and Democracy. By Lawrence Michael Ladutke. McFarland & Co., 2004. 263 pp.

Fujimori’s Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America. By Charles D. Kenney. University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. 379 pp.


Arab Elites: Negotiating the Politics of Change. Edited by Volker Perthes. Lynne Rienner, 2004. 344 pp.

Caught in the Middle East: U.S. Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1945-1961. By Peter L. Hahn. University of North Carolina Press, 2004. 398 pp.

Germany and the Middle East: Past, Present, and Future. Edited by Haim Goren. The Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2003. 350 pp.

Islam and the Challenge of Democracy. By Khaled Abou El Fadl. Edited by Joshua Cohen and Deborah Chasman. Princeton University Press, 2004. 139 pp.

Islam Without Fear: Egypt and the New Islamists. By Raymond William Baker. Harvard University Press, 2003. 309 pp.

The Search for Arab Democracy: Discourses and Counter-Discourses. By Larbi Sadiki. Columbia University Press, 2004. 457 pp.

Tensions and Transitions in the Muslim World. By Louay Safi. University Press of America, 2003. 230 pp.


At War’s End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict. By Roland Paris. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 289 pp.

Authoritarian Legacies and Democracy in Latin America and Southern Europe. Edited by Katherine Hite and Paola Cesarini. University of Notre Dame Press, 2004. 360 pp.

The Case for Sovereignty: Why the World Should Welcome American Independence. By Jeremy A. Rabkin. American Enterprise Institute, 2004. 257 pp.

Citizenship Beyond the State. By John Hoffman. Sage, 2004. 200 pp.

Countries at the Crossroads 2004: A Survey of Democratic Governance. Edited by Sarah Repucci and Christopher Walker. Freedom House, 2004. 549 pp.

Critical Mission: Essays on Democracy Promotion. By Thomas Carothers. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004. 285 pp.

The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism. By David Kennedy. Princeton University Press, 2004. 368 pp.

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Edited by Philip Oxhorn, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee. Woodrow Wilson Center, 2004. 351 pp.

Deliberative Democracy and the Plural Polity. By Michael Rabinder James. University Press of Kansas, 2004. 239 pp.

Democracy and Tradition. By Jeffrey Stout. Princeton University Press, 2004. 348 pp.

Democratic Vistas: Reflections on the Life of Democracy. Edited by Jedediah Purdy. Yale University Press, 2004. 282 pp.

Democratization, Development, and the Patrimonial State in the Age of Globalization. By Eric Budd. Lexington, 2004. 163 pp.

Democratization Through the Looking Glass: Comparative Perspectives on Democratization. By Peter Burnell. Manchester University Press, 2004. 192 pp.

Democratizing Global Politics: Discourse Norms, International Regimes, and Political Community. By Rodger A. Payne and Nayef H. Samhat. State University of New York Press, 2004. 192 pp.

Dynamics of International Relations: Conflict and Mutual Gain in an Era of Global Interdependence. 2nd Edition. By Walter C. Clemens, Jr. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 646 pp.

Federalism and Territorial Cleavages. Edited by Ugo M. Amoretti and Nancy Bermeo. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 498 pp.

The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States. By Pradeep Chhibber and Ken Kollman. Princeton University Press, 2004. 272 pp.

From Empire to Community: A New Approach to International Relations. By Amitai Etzioni. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 258 pp.

Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns: Handbook Series. Edited by Reginald Austin and Maja Tjernstrom. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), 2003. 245 pp.

The Green State: Rethinking Democracy and Sovereignty. By Robyn Eckersley. MIT Press, 2004. 331 pp.

A Handbook of International Human Rights Terminology. 2nd Edition. By H. Victor Conde. University of Nebraska Press, 2004. 393 pp.

Homo Democraticus: On the Universal Desirability and the Not So Universal Possibility of Democracy and Human Rights. By Filip Spagnoli. Cambridge Scholars, 2003. 555 pp.

In the Shadow of “Just Wars”: Violence, Politics, and Humanitarian Action. By Medecins Sans Frontieres. Cornell University Press, 2004. 372 pp.

The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror. By Michael Ignatieff. Princeton University Press, 2004. 212 pp.

Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time. By William E. Scheuerman. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 286 pp.

Making Sense of Governance: Empirical Evidence from Sixteen Developing Countries. By Goran Hyden, Julius Court, and Kenneth Mease. Lynne Rienner, 2004. 262 pp.

The Modern Prince: What Leaders Need to Know Now. By Carnes Lord. Yale University Press, 2003. 304 pp.

Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Identity: Cross National and Comparative Perspectives. Edited by Russell F. Farnen. Transaction, 2004. 538 pp.

The Paradox of Peace: Leaders, Decisions, and Conflict Resolution. By John D. Orme. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 208 pp.

The People Themselves: Popular Constitutionalism and Judicial Review. By Larry D. Kramer. Oxford University Press, 2004. 363 pp.

The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook. Edited by Jens Borchert and Jurgen Zeiss. Oxford University Press, 2003. 425 pp.

Political Development and Democratic Theory: Rethinking Comparative Politics. By Steven J. Hood. M.E. Sharpe, 2004. 175 pp.

Politics from Anarchy to Democracy: Rational Choice in Political Science. Edited by Irwin L. Morris, Joe A. Oppenheimer, and Karol Edward Soltan. Stanford University Press, 2004. 245 pp.

Polling Matters: Why Leaders Must Listen to the Wisdom of the People. By Frank Newport. Warner, 2004. 302 pp.

Post-Democracy. By Colin Crouch. Polity, 2003. 135 pp.

Power and Democracy: Critical Interventions. Edited by Fredrik Engelstad and Oyvind Osterud. Ashgate, 2004. 248 pp.

Power and Responsibility in World Affairs: Reformation versus Transformation. Edited by Cathal J. Nolan. Praeger, 2004. 251 pp.

Reigns of Terror. By Patricia Marchak. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003. 306 pp.

Solving the War Puzzle: Beyond the Democratic Peace. By John Norton Moore. Carolina Academic Press, 2004. 212 pp.

Studies in Public Opinion: Attitudes, Nonattitudes, Measurement Error, and Change. Edited by Willem E. Saris and Paul M. Sniderman. Princeton University Press, 2004. 366 pp.

The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism. By Stanley G. Payne. Yale University Press, 2004. 400 pp.

The Specter of Democracy. By Dick Howard. Columbia University Press, 2002. 353 pp.

State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century. By Francis Fukuyama. Cornell University Press, 2004. 160 pp.

Taking Back the Streets: Women, Youth, and Direct Democracy. By Temma Kaplan. University of California Press, 2004. 275 pp.

Transnational Democracy in Critical and Comparative Perspective: Democracy’s Range Reconsidered. Edited by Bruce Morrison. Ashgate, 2003. 249 pp.

Why Deliberative Democracy? By Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson. Princeton University Press, 2004. 217 pp.