Section 35 of the American Political Science Association
Volume 3, Number 2, May 2005
Table of Contents
1. Current Section Officers
2. Report from the Chair
3. Editor’s Note
4. Section News
5. News From Members
6. Fellowship and Grant Opportunities
7. Professional Announcements
8. Recent Conferences
9. Future Conferences
10. New Research
1. CURRENT SECTION OFFICERS
Professor of Political Science
George Washington University
Gretchen C. Casper
Associate Professor of Political Science
Pennsylvania State University
Associate Professor of Political Science
Georgia State University
Professor of Political Science
University of Iowa
Newsletter Editor (ex officio)
Thomas W. Skladony
Senior Program Officer
International Forum for Democratic Studies
National Endowment for Democracy
We hope to see you in Washington! Program Chair Eva Bellin has organized a marvelous array of panels. Please save Saturday evening for our business meeting and reception, where we will celebrate the winners of our book, article, and field work awards, as well as the inaugural winner of our Juan Linz dissertation award.
In Washington, APSA is introducing a program of Annual Meeting Working Groups. The Working Group provides an opportunity for APSA members with shared scholarly interests to meet, discuss APSA panel presentations, and receive a certificate of participation. For more information, please see Section News below.
Toward the end of May, please watch your e-mail for our electronic ballot for the Section positions of chair and treasurer. Our Nominations Committee, including Gretchen Casper (chair, Pennsylvania State University), Nicolas van de Walle (Cornell University) and Josephine Andrews (University of California at Davis), has identified outstanding candidates: Valerie Bunce and Jonathan Hartlyn for chair, and Michael Coppedge and Gabriella Montinola for treasurer. Candidate profiles will be available on the electronic ballot.
We are delighted that Mark Jones of Rice University has agreed to serve as Program Chair for the 2006 meetings. Currently serving on our Best Article Committee, Mark is the author of Electoral Laws and the Survival of Presidential Democracies (University of Notre Dame Press, 1995) and more than twenty-five scholarly articles in highly respected journals; he has extensive research experience in Argentina. I am confident that the pivotal job of Section Program Chair is in excellent hands.
Please don’t hesitate to contact me with your thoughts and recommendations for the Section-especially any items that you might want on the agenda for our business meeting in Washington.
Once again our newsletter features a robust “News from Members” section highlighting not only many new publications but a variety of fellowships, sabbaticals, research travel, and other activities of our membership. As always, we encourage members to send us not simply bibliographic listings but links to Web sites on all relevant items.
We currently have fourteen course syllabi on the sections’s Web site. Please take a look at what is available, if you have not done so recently, and consider sending in syllabi of your own for posting.
Pia Niedermeier and Alek , Spring semester interns at the International Forum, have now helped produce their second newsletter for our section. They checked references and citations and did much of the heavy lifting of compiling the bibliography of new research. As always, we are grateful for their skillful work.
APSA Will Launch Working Groups at 2005 Annual Meeting: The American Political Science Association will launch a new collaborative opportunity called Annual Meeting Working Groups at the 2005 APSA annual meeting in Washington. The idea of working groups is to provide opportunities for scholars with common research interests to attend panel and poster sessions collectively, and to meet at least twice for discussion during the annual meeting. In effect, the working group could constitute a small research conference within the much-larger APSA gathering.
To propose a working group (on Comparative Democratization or on a more narrow topic within our field, for example), section members should write to Michael Brintnall, APSA executive director (firstname.lastname@example.org), identifying the topic, name of group leader, and likely meeting times. Once a working group is approved, the APSA will publicize it, prepare a roster, provide meeting space, and issue certificates to participants. More information about this initiative is available at www.apsanet.org/section_549.cfm.
Call for Contributions: The American Political Science Association is seeking financial contributions to its James Bryce Endowment Fund for International Political Science. Income from this fund will support research residencies at the APSA’s Centennial Center and elsewhere, collaborative research workshops involving political scientists from the United States and abroad, teaching-curriculum development programs for emerging political science communities, and travel grants to the annual meeting. The Fund was established in honor of the British historian and politician (and author of the 1921 classic work, Modern Democracies). It will benefit the global study of political life and the internationalization of the political science discipline and profession.
To contribute, visit www.apsanet.org/content_3914.cfm or send contributions to APSA; Attn: Development; 1527 New Hampshire Ave., NW; Washington, DC; 20036.
Updates to the CompDem Web site: Our section’s Web site now includes an archive of past section officers and past award winners, among other new materials. Visit www.ned.org/apsa-cd/home.html to see the most recent additions.
Felipe Agüero, associate professor of international studies, University of Miami, will spend the 2005-2006 academic year at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. His most recent publications include “Democracy and Military Education,” with Lourdes Hurtado and José Miguel Florez (Instituto de Defensa Legal, 2005); “Chile: Incomplete Transition and Increased Political Competition,” in Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America, edited by Jorge Dominguez and Michael Shifter (Fondo de Cultura Económica, forthcoming 2005); and “The Military and Memories of Repression in the Southern Cone,” in The Military Revisits its Repressive Past, edited by Eric Hershberg and Mr. Agüero (Social Science Research Council, forthcoming 2005).
Mr. Agüero also presented a paper entitled “Human Rights and the Armed Forces in Chile’s Democratization” at an April seminar on democratic consolidation at the Instituto de Estudios de Iberoamérica y Portugal. (This paper and the items listed above were all published in Spanish; title translations into English were kindly supplied by the author.)
Leslie E. Anderson, associate professor of political science, University of Florida, and Lawrence C. Dodd, Manning J. Dauer Eminent Scholar in Political Science, University of Florida, have published Learning Democracy: Citizen Engagement and Electoral Choice in Nicaragua, 1990-2001 (University of Chicago Press, 2005). Their study examined nationwide surveys conducted during the 1990, 1996, and 2001 presidential elections in Nicaragua to show the development of voters’ attitudes toward democracy and governance in a period of major institutional change.
David Backer, lecturer in political science, University of Michigan, received his Ph.D. degree from that same university in December 2004. He plans to spend the 2005-2006 academic year as a postdoctoral scholar at Stanford University’s Center for Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, where he will continue research on South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission process, and will extend that research to include Ghana, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.
Michael Bernhard, associate professor of political science, Pennsylvania State University, published Institutions and the Fate of Democracy: Germany and Poland in the Twentieth Century (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005). The study compared the institutional choices made by political actors in Weimar Germany, Germany after World War II, Poland between the World Wars, and Poland after the fall of communism to address the question of why some democracies succeed while others fail.
Jack Bielasiak, professor of political science, Indiana University-Bloomington, served as the Distinguished Fulbright Chair at the Center for East European Studies at Warsaw University, Poland from September 2004 to February 2005.
Javier Corrales, associate professor of political science, Amherst College, and Fulbright Fellow in Venezuela (in Spring 2005), published “Cuba after Fidel” in the February 2005 Current History. The articles examined the possible course of a democratic transition in Cuba after the end of Castro’s regime.
Willam Crotty, director, Center for the Study of Democracy, and Thomas P. O’Neil Chair in Public Life, Northeastern University, edited Democratic Development and Political Terrorism: The Global Perspective (Northeastern University Press, 2004). Contributors to the volume examined the root causes of terrorist acts, the relationship between authoritarian repression and terrorist movements, the most effective foreign policies for containing worldwide political violence, and the complexities of attempts to democratize autocratic or totalitarian regimes in the Middle East and elsewhere.
Eric Davis, professor of political science, Rutgers University, published “History Matters: Past as Prologue in Building Democracy in Iraq” (Orbis, Spring 2005) and “Iraq’s Sunni Clergy Enter the Fray” (Religion in the News,Winter 2005). His essay, “National Assembly Elections: Prelude to Democracy or Instability?” appeared in a symposium of articles “Evaluating the Bush Menu for Change in the Middle East” that appeared in the Spring 2005Middle East Policy.
On March 12-14, Mr. Davis also participated in a conference sponsored by the United States Institute of Peace in Dokhan, Iraq on “The Civic Mission of the Iraqi University.” His presentation explored the use of the historical memory of the Iraqi nationalist movement as a strategy for promoting civil society and democracy in Iraq.
Larry Diamond, senior fellow, Hoover Institution, and professor of political science, Stanford University; Michael McFaul, senior fellow, Hoover Institution, and associate professor of political science, Stanford University; Ronald Asmus; and Mark Leonard published “A Transatlantic Strategy to Promote Democratic Development in the Broader Middle East” in the Spring 2005 Washington Quarterly. The authors stressed that a successful strategy must rest on support for local democratic forces, that it must be be accompanied by policies that promote regional security, and that Europe and the United States must be prepared to remain engaged in the region for a generation or longer.
John P. Entelis, professor of political science and director of the Middle East Studies program, Fordham University, contributed “Islamist Politics and the Democratic Imperative: Comparative Lessons from the Algerian Experience” to Islam, Democracy, and the State in Algeria: Lessons from the Western Mediterranean and Beyond, edited by Michael Bonner, Megan Reif, and Mark Tessler (Routledge Press, 2005).
Jana Everett, professor of political science, University of Colorado at Denver, received a Fulbright Research Fellowship to study how women’s participation in local government has impacted the lives of rural women in India. With Mira Savara, an Indian colleague, Ms. Everett also launched a Web site (www.womenpanchayat.com) that will present their research in progress. The site also invites feedback from village women, elected officials, leaders of community and training groups, and scholars.
Richard P. Farkas, professor of political science, DePaul University, contributed a chapter, entitled “State-Building and the Final Status in Kosovo,” to Democratic Development and Political Terrorism: The Global Perspective,edited by William Crotty (and described above).
In the January 2005 Comparative Politics, Henry E. Hale, assistant professor of political science, Indiana University, published “Why Not Parties? Electoral Markets, Party Substitutes, and Stalled Democratization in Russia.” The study examined candidates and voting in the single-member district half of Russia’s parliamentary elections to explain the weakness of political parties in that country. With Michael McFaul and Timothy J. Colton, Mr. Hale also published “Putin and the ‘Delegative Democracy’ Trap: Evidence from Russia’s 2003-2004 Elections” (Post-Soviet Affairs, October-December 2004).
John W. Harbeson, professor of political science, City College of New York, and Elisabeth Boyi, Stanford University, were named national program co-chairs for the African Studies Assocation’s 2006 annual meeting. He also serves as a member of the APSA’s Task Force on Difference and Inequality in the Developing World, and will be a member of the Carter Center’s mission to observe the May 15 national elections in Ethiopia.
Baogang He, associate professor of government, University of Tasmania (Australia); and James S. Fishkin, Stanford University, designed and conducted a deliberative poll in Zeguo township in China’s Zhejiang province in March-April 2005. Some 235 randomly selected residents were surveyed on their views on a range of local environmental and infrastructure projects; they then spent a full day discussing these projects before being surveyed again. Interested parties may write to Mr. He (B.He@utas.edu.au) for a summary of the project.
Steven Heydemann, director of the Center for Democracy and the Third Sector, Georgetown University, edited Networks of Privilege in the Middle East: The Politics of Economic Reform Revisited (Palgrave Press, 2004), a collection of case studies of political and economic reform in such countries as Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia.
Goran Hyden, Distinguished Professor of Political Science, University of Florida, who had been spending the Spring semester on sabbatical in Tanzania, spent most of April at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Study and Conference Center in Italy completing a comparative study of the economy of affection.
Sharon F. Lean, visiting assistant professor of political science, Colgate University, will assume a tenure-track appointment as assistant professor of political science at Wayne State University beginning in Fall 2005.
Staffan Lindberg, assistant professor of political science at Lund University (Sweden), contributed “Consequences of Electoral Systems in Africa: A Preliminary Inquiry” to the March 2005 Electoral Studies. Using an original data set of election results from 1989 to 2001, Mr. Lindberg studied the impacts of majoritarian versus proportional representation systems on representation, accountability, and governing capacity in Africa.
Jennifer L. McCoy, associate professor of political science, Georgia State University, and director of the Americas program at the Carter Center; and David J. Myers edited The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004). Ms. McCoy also contributed an essay entitled “One Act in an Unfinished Drama” to the January 2005 Journal of Democracy, in which she examined the consequences of the August 2004 referendum in Venezuela.
In March 2005 Ms. McCoy became a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She also recently received a Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Residency Grant and a U.S. Institute of Peace grant to write a book on international mediation in Venezuela.
Bamidele A. Ojo, professor of political science, Fairleigh Dickinson University, published “Africa’s Triple Dilemma: The State, Democratization, and the Challenges of Globalization” in the October 2004 Globalization. The author concluded that African states must define and protect their interests more effectively if they are to benefit from the global transformation, and that greater democratization will support an African progressive revival.
David Ost, professor of political science, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, published The Defeat of Solidarity: Anger and Politics in Postcommunist Europe (Cornell University Press, 2005). The study examined the responses of many workers to growing political and economic inequality in postcommunist Poland and documented how their anger and frustration led them to reject the liberal leaders of the Solidarity trade union, allowing right-wing nationalists to take control.
Marc F. Plattner, coeditor of the Journal of Democracy and codirector of the International Forum for Democratic Studies at the National Endowment for Democracy, distinguished between “Two Kinds of Internationalism” in the Spring 2005 National Interest. His essay, based on a reading of British philosopher John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, explored the differences between U.S. and European understandings of multilateralism, unilateralism, and globalism in international affairs.
Vincent K. Pollard, assistant professor of political science and Asian studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa, received an award from the Chung-fong and Grace Ning Fund for Chinese Studies to present a paper entitled “Upstart Diplomats, Subnational Activism, and Transnational Organizing: U.S.-China-Japan Relations and the Movement to Demilitarize Okinawa” at the 2005 annual conference of the Association of Chinese Political Studies. More information about the conference (which will meet at San Francisco State University in July) is available at http://acps.sfsu.edu/acps/meetings/ACPS2005/ACPS%2018th%20meeting.htm.
Susan Rose-Ackerman, Henry R. Luce Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University, published From Elections to Democracy: Building Accountable Government in Hungary and Poland (Cambridge University Press, 2005). The study examined two postcommunist countries that had made successful democratic transitions but that also continue to experience problems with public oversight and accountability.
Sebastián Royo, associate professor of government, Suffolk University Madrid Campus, contributed “From Contention to Social Bargaining: Labour Unions and Democratic Consolidation in Spain” to the February 2005 Democratization. The article examined how the links between trade union and affiliated political parties of the left influenced the strategies of labor during the transition and the early years of democracy in Spain.
Paul Rundquist, a specialist in Congress and comparative legislatures at the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, retired after thirty-one years of service at the Library. From March to September 2005 he will be a visiting professor of politics at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in Germany, an appointment supported by the German Academic Exchange Program. Colleagues may write to Mr. Rundquist using his personal (email@example.com) or university (firstname.lastname@example.org) e-mail accounts.
Jillian Schwedler, assistant professor of government and politics, University of Maryland, organized a conference on “Integrating the Global and the Local: New Directions in the Study of Conflict and Conflict Resolution,” which was held at that university on April 7-11, 2005. The conference, supported by the Fulbright Scholars Program, brought together experts from a variety of disciplines to explore new approaches to the study of conflict. More information about the conference (including papers presented at it) is available at www.rethinkingconflict.org.
Sherrill Stroschein, academy scholar, Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, Harvard University; and Stephen Deets published “Dilemmas of Autonomy and Liberal Pluralism: Examples Involving Hungarians in Central Europe” in the April 2005 Nations and Nationalism. The article examined the limitations of granting cultural communities collective autonomy rather than relying on individual rights to protect them from the majority population.
Mark R. Thompson, professor of political science, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, and guest professor, University for Peace (Costa Rica), published Democratic Revolutions: Asia and Eastern Europe (Routledge, 2004), a study of how spontaneous popular uprisings sometimes overthrow dictatorships and lead to democracy. The book included case studies of China, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, the Philippines, Iran, Malaysia, and Serbia.
With Philipp Kuntz, Mr. Thompson also published “Stolen Elections: The Case of the Serbian October” in the October 2004 Journal of Democracy. With Claudia Derichs, he received a grant from the German Science Foundation for research on “Dynasties and Female Top Leaders in Asia.” Initial results of the project can be seen at www.uni-duisburg.de/Institute/OAWISS/institut/mitarbeiter/Dynasties/home.htm.
Milada Anna Vachudova, assistant professor of political science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, published Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration after Communism (Oxford University Press, 2005). The author analyzed the different political paths of postcommunist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, focusing especially on how enlargement of the European Union served to support the consolidation of democracy in most candidate countries.
Tatu Vanhanen, visiting researcher in political science, University of Helsinki, and Richard Lynn contributed a chapter entitled “The Role of Human Capital and Intelligence in the Economic Development of the Asian Economies” to Infrastructure and Productivity in Asia: Political, Financial, Physical, and Intellectual Underpinnings (Palgrave 2005). The essay collection was edited by John B. Kidd and Frank-Jürgen Richter.
Christian Welzel, associate professor of political science, International University Bremen (Germany), and Ronald Inglehart published “Liberalism, Postmaterialism, and the Growth of Freedom” in the March 2005 International Review of Sociology. The authors used data from the World Value Surveys to argue that mass aspirations for liberty have a major impact on the process of democratization.
The East Asia Institute, a policy-research center based in Seoul, South Korea (and institutional home of the Journal of East Asian Studies), invites applications for the inaugural year of its Fellows Program on Peace, Governance, and Development in East Asia. The program, open to U.S.-based scholars in political science, international relations, and sociology, seeks to promote interdisciplinary, comparative research on East Asia. Fellows are expected to spend a minimum of three weeks in East Asia, during which they will prepare and present an original paper. For more information and an application form visit www.eai.or.kr/eng/program/fellows.html. The deadline for applications for this year’s Fellows Program is May 31, 2005.
The National Endowment for Democracy (NED) welcomes applications to its Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellows Program for fellowships in 2006-2007. Established in 2001, the program enables democracy activists, practitioners, scholars, and journalists from around the world to deepen their understanding of democracy and to enhance their ability to promote democratic change. The program is intended primarily to support activists, practitioners, and scholars from new and aspiring democracies; distinguished scholars from the United States and other established democracies are also eligible to apply. Projects may focus on the political, social, economic, legal, and cultural aspects of democratic development and may include a range of methodologies and approaches. A working knowledge of English is an important prerequisite for participation in the program. The application deadline for fellowships in 2006-2007 is Tuesday, November 1, 2005. For more information, please email email@example.com.
Call for Papers: The next triennial World Congress of the International Political Science Association will be held in Fukuoka, Japan in July 2006, where the overall meeting theme will be “Is Democracy Working?” Dirk Berg-Schlosser of Phillips University (Marburg, Germany), who is organizing a set of eight panels on the subtheme, “Crisis and Capacity of Democracy: Comparative Perspectives,” invites fellow section members who wish to participate to write him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Call for Submissions: The Committee on Concepts and Methods of the International Political Science Association and the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) in Mexico City invite submissions to the 2006 Award for Conceptual Innovation in Democratic Studies. The $1,500 award will be given at the 2006 IPSA World Congress in Fukuoka, Japan.
The award will be given to a scholarly work published any time before December 31, 2005. Any form (book, book chapter, journal article) of formal publication may be submitted. Submissions are open to authors, journal editors, and book publishers. Self-nominations are encouraged. Submissions must include four copies of the submitted work and the mailing addresses, phone, fax, and e-mail address of the author and the person who submits. Please submit nominations by January 31, 2006 to: Andreas Schedler
Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas
Division de Estudios Politicos
Carretera Mexico-Toluca 3655
Col. Lomas de Santa Fe
CP 01210 Mexico City
The International Studies Association held its 46th annual convention on March 1-5, 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The theme of this year’s event was “Dynamics of World Politics: Capacity, Preferences, and Leadership.” The meeting included several panels of interest to democracy scholars, such as those on the role of education in democracy promotion, building democracy in postconflict settings, and democratic consolidation. For a detailed final program visit www.isanet.org/hawaii/.
The Western Political Science Association held its annual conference on March 17-19, 2005 in Oakland, California. The meeting, whose panels were subdivided into more than twenty sections, included a session on “Comparative Democratization Transitions.” A final program and an archive of papers presented at the conference are available at www.csus.edu/ORG/WPSA/mtgs.stm.
On March 31-April 3, 2005, the Association for Asian Studies held its annual meeting in Chicago. The meeting included two special events dealing with the recent Tsunami disaster and related issues. Among many other topics, panels were devoted to political economy and development in Asia and the relationship of politics and the media. Visit www.aasianst.org/annmtg.htm for a full program and abstracts of papers presented.
The Political Studies Association of the United Kingdom held its 55th annual conference on April 4-7, 2005 at the University of Leeds (UK). The meeting included sessions on democratic theory and on democracies and violence, plus panels on all the major subfields of political science. A detailed program including a complete archives of papers presented can be found at www.psa.ac.uk/2005/default.htm.
The Midwest Political Science Association held its 2005 annual meeting on April 7-10 in Chicago. The Midwest meeting is typically the second regional political science meeting and is second only to the APSA meeting in number of attendees. Panel topics included sessions on every major subfield of political science. A complete program is available at www.mwpsa.org/content/default.aspx.
On May 19-22, 2005, the China University of Political Science and Law and Fordham University will hold an international conference on “Constitutionalism and Political Democratization in China.” The conference will address the present state of and future prospects for human rights, democracy, and constitutionalism in China. For more information, write to Thomas S. De Luca Jr., director of the Sino-American Seminar on Politics and Law at Fordham University (email@example.com).
The European Political Science Network will hold its annual conference on June 17-18, in Paris, France. The conference, entitled “European Identity and Political Systems,” will include workshops on the European constitution, the formation of new identities in Europe, and the democratizing role of the EU’s integration process. To view the full program visit www.epsnet.org/2005/programme.htm.
The 2005 Warsaw East European Conference, organized by the Centre for East European Studies at Warsaw University, Poland, will meet from July 20 to 22, 2005. The theme of the meeting will be the emergence of opposition and dissident movements against totalitarian systems in East Central Europe and the Soviet area. The conference will also focus on political transitions, decentralization of power, and the construction of civil society and local democracy. For more information visit www.uw.edu.pl/en.php/gen_inf/conf/list_en.html.
The Association of Chinese Political Studies will convene its “International Symposium on China’s Transition and Ascension” on July 30-31, 2005 at San Francisco State University. Panel sessions will address internal and external conditions for China’s peaceful development, legal reforms and the rule of law, cross-strait relations, and China’s democratic transition. A preliminary program, as well as a list of presenters and paper abstracts can be found at http://acps.sfsu.edu/acps/meetings/ACPS2005/ACPS%2018th%20meeting.htm.
On September 1-4, 2005 the American Political Science Association will hold its annual in meeting in Washington, D.C., where the theme will be “Mobilizing Democracy.” Panel and plenary sessions are expected to explore both the challenges of achieving and consolidating democracy, and problems confronting established democracies. A preliminary program will be available shortly at www.apsa.com/section_222.cfm. (CompDem section members will also receive a complete listing of our section’s panels by e-mail as soon as it is finalized.)
The third conference of the European Consortium for Political Research will take place in Budapest, Hungary on September 8-11, 2005. The meeting will include panel sessions on the quality of democracy, on how EU integration influences democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe, and on the importance of civil society in local, regional, and global contexts. For more information, visit www.essex.ac.uk/ECPR/events/generalconference/budapest/index.asp.
The Australasian Political Science Association will hold it annual meeting on September 28-30, 2005, at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Scheduled panel topics include comparative political economy, nationalism and ethnicity, indigenous people, and gender issues. For more information, please visit www.auspsa.anu.edu.au/.
The February 2005 (Volume 12, no. 1) issue of Democratization features articles on Spain, Zambia, postcommunist studies, and civil society. For abstracts of articles listed below, visit www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/13510347.asp.
“Civil Society and the Problem of Global Democracy” by Michael Goodhart
“Explaining Lustration in Central Europe: A ‘Post-Communist Politics’ Approach” by Kieran Williams, Brigid Fowler, and Aleks Szczerbiak
“Digging up Spain’s Past: Consequences of Truth and Reconciliation” by Georgina Blakeley
“From Contention to Social Bargaining: Labour Unions and Democratic Consolidation in Spain” by Sebastián Royo
“Stuck in Transition: Electoral Processes in Zambia 1991-2001” by Lise Rakner and Lars Svåsand
“From Linz to Tsebelis: Three Waves of Presidential/Parliamentary Studies?” by Robert Elgie
Journal of Democracy
The April 2005 (Volume 16, no. 2) issue of the Journal of Democracy features clusters of articles on East Asia and the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, as well as studies on Romania and Muslim-majority countries. For selected online articles and the tables of contents of all Journal issues, visit www.journalofdemocracy.org.
“Scholarship and Statesmanship” by Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Seymour Martin Lipset’s contribution to political science and sociology are not theoretical achievements alone, but reflect his keenly practical moral awareness, his understanding of leadership, and his great love of democracy as the finest form of government ever devised.
“The Rise of ‘Muslim Democracy'” by Vali Nasr
The incentives created by competitive elections in a number of Muslim-majority countries are fueling a political trend that roughly resembles the rise of Christian Democracy in twentieth-century Europe.
Challenge and Change in East Asia
I. “Constitutionalism on Trial in South Korea” by Hahm Chaihark and Sung Ho Kim
During the early years of South Korea’s transition to democracy, expanding popular rule and deepening individual rights went hand-in-hand. But Roh Moo Hyun’s presidency has exposed rifts between majority rule and constitutionalism that the country’s judiciary is struggling to bridge.
II. “Taiwan’s Year of Stress” by Yun-han Chu
Thanks to a disputed presidential election and a narrowly divided parliament, Taiwan’s politics remains tense. Yet the worst of the conflicts that have gripped the island seem to have eased, and the difficult political events of the last few years may have some beneficial effects after all.
III. “‘Business Populism’ in Thailand” by Pasuk Phongpaichit and Chris Baker
Recently reelected premier Thaksin Shinawatra and his “Thais Love Thais” party offer a fusion of populist rhetoric with policies that serve the interests of the Thai business class.
IV. “Indonesia’s Quest for Accountable Governance” by Muhammad Qodari
Despite the tsunami tragedy, Indonesians at least can look back on the political events of 2004 with pride. Their country successfully held three major elections and produced a legitimate government. Now the main challenge is to secure regular governmental accountability.
V. “Is Democracy the Only Game in Town?” by Doh Chull Shin and Jason Wells
In three of the six democracies surveyed by the East Asia Barometer, a majority of respondents prefer democracy to its alternatives. In the other three, however, a lingering nostalgia for authoritarianism stands in the way of democratic consolidation.
VI. “Facing the Perils of Presidentialism?” by Francis Fukuyama, Björn Dressel, and Boo-Seung Chang
Juan Linz’s 1990 critique of presidentialism in these pages was based largely on the Latin American experience. In the last few years, however, four new Asian democracies have encountered presidential crises. Does Linz’s work hold the secret to what has been ailing these regimes?
Ukraine’s Orange Revolution
I. “The Opposition’s Road to Success” by Taras Kuzio
Ukraine’s opposition had been trying to oust President Leonid Kuchma’s semi-authoritarian regime since its alleged involvement in the murder of journalist Georgi Gongadze in 2000. What brought success in 2004?
II. “Kuchma’s Failed Authoritarianism” by Lucan A. Way
Desperate to secure victory for its own candidate in the 2004 presidential election, the incumbent regime undertook an unprecedented campaign of blatant election fraud. But it had underestimated the citizenry that it was trying to deceive.
“The End of Postcommunism in Romania” by Peter Gross and Vladimir Tismaneanu
The 2004 elections saw the defeat of the former communists who ruled Romania for most of the period since the fall of communism. Will the country’s new, democratic, and pro-European government be able to break with the semi-authoritarian habits of its postcommunist predecessors?
SELECTED JOURNAL ARTICLES ON DEMOCRACY
This section features selected articles on democracy that appeared in journals received by the NED’s Democracy Resource Center, January-April 2005.
African Affairs, Vol. 104, no. 414, January 2005
“ZANU (PF) Strategies in General Elections, 1980-2000: Discourse and Coercion” by Norma Kriger
African Affairs, Vol. 104, no. 415, April 2005
“The Relationship between Kenneth Koma and the Botswana Democratic Party, 1965-2003” by Christian John Makgala
“Briefing: Using Opinion Polls to Evaluate Kenyan Politics, March 2004-January 2005” by Daniel Branch and Nic Cheeseman
American Political Science Review, Vol. 99, no. 1, February 2005
“Insider-Outsider Politics in Industrialized Democracies: The Challenge to Social Democratic Parties” by David Rueda
“Rousseau’s Anti-Agenda-Setting Agenda and Contemporary Democratic Theory” by John T. Scott
Asian Affairs, Vol. XXXV, No. III, November 2004
“Palestine: The Return of the One-State Solution” by Dorothy Stein
Asian Survey, Vol. XLIV, no. 6, November/December 2004
“The Middle Path to Democracy in the Kingdom of Bhutan” by Tashi Wangchuk
China Journal, Issue 53, January 2005
“Taiwan’s Domestic Politics and Cross-Straight Relations” by Yu-Shan Wu
China Quarterly, no. 181, March 2005
“Measuring Taiwanese Public Opinion on Taiwanese Independence” by John Fuh-Sheng Hsieh and Emerson M.S. Niou
Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 38, no. 1, March 2005
“Putin’s Etatization Project and Limits to Democratic Reforms in Russia” by S. Mohsin Hashim
“EU Enlargement and Immigration Policy in Poland and Slovakia” by Peter Vermeersch
“Searching for Party Effects in Post-Communist Ukraine” by Frank C. Thames
Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, no. 1, February 2005
“Democratization and Constitutional Crises in Presidential Regimes: Toward Congressional Supremacy?” by Aníbal Pérez-Liñán
Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, no. 2, March 2005
“Institutional Vulnerability to Social Constructions: Federalism, Target Populations, and Policy Designs for Assisted Reproductive Technology in Six Democracies” by Éric Montpetit, Christine Rothmayr, and Frédéric Varone
“Are Politics Local? An Analysis of Voting Patterns in 23 Democracies” by Scott Morgenstern and Stephen M. Swindle
“Presidentialism and the Effect of Electoral Law in Postcommunist Systems: Regime Type Matters” by Terry D. Clark and Jill N. Wittrock
“The Constitutional Adjudication Mosaic in Latin America” by Patricio Navia and Julio Ríos-Figueroa
Fujimori’s Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America by Charles D. Kenney. Reviewed by Timothy J. Steigenga
Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, no. 3, April 2005
“Explaining Vote Switching across First- and Second-Order Elections: Evidence from Europe” by Cliff Carrubba and Richard J. Timpone
“A House Divided: Party Strength and the Mandate Divide in Hungary, Russia, and Ukraine” by Frank C. Thames
“The Cross-Sectional Determinants of Secessionism in Advanced Democracies” by Jason Sorens
Free Market Democracy and the Chilean and Mexican Countryside by Marcus J. Kurtz. Reviewed by Zachary Elkins
Landing Votes: Representation and Land Reform in Latin America by Nancy D. Lapp. Reviewed by D. Christopher Brooks
Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, no. 4, May 2005
“Do Countries Have a ‘Democratic Advantage?’ Political Institutions, Multilateral Agencies, and Sovereign Borrowing” by Sebastian M. Saiegh
“Political Representation in Latin America: A Study of Elite-Mass Congruence in Nine Countries” by Juan P. Luna and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister
“Dissatisfied Democrats or Retrospective Voters? Economic Hardship, Political Institutions, and Voting Behavior in Latin America” by Allyson Lucinda Benton
Comparative Politics, Vol. 37, no. 2, January 2005
“Why not Parties? Electoral Markets, Party Substitutes, and Stalled Democratization in Russia” by Henry E. Hale
“Donor-Induced Democratization and Privatization of State-Violence in Kenya and Rwanda” by Philip G. Roessler
“Oligarchic Patrimonialism, Bossism, Electoral Clientelism, and Contested Democracy in the Philippines” by Nathan Gilbert Quimpo
Comparative Politics, Vol. 37, no. 3, April 2005
“Parties and Electoral Behavior in Southern Europe” by Richard Gunther
“No Representation without Taxation? Rents, Development, and Democracy” by Michael Herb
“Separation of Religion and State in the Twenty-First Century: Comparing the Middle East and Western Democracies” by Jonathan Fox and Shmuel Sandler
“The Quality of Democracy” by Andrew Roberts
Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, no. 3, December 2004
“Democratic Transition and Political Development in Post-Soeharto Indonesia” by Baladas Ghoshal
Thaksin: The Business of Politics in Thailand by Pasuk Phongpaichit and Chris Baker. Reviewed by Akex M. Mutebi
Researching Indonesia: A Guide to Political Analysis by Gerald L. Houseman. Reviewed by Leonard C. Sebastian
Current History, Vol. 104, no. 679, February 2005
“Fox’s Mexico: Democracy Paralyzed” by Denise Dresser
“El Salvador’s ‘Model’ Democracy” by David Holiday
“Haiti after Aristide: Still on the Brink” by Daniel P. Erikson
East European Politics & Societies, Vol. 19, no. 1, February 2005
“How to Study Civil Society and What to Do Next?” by Jan Kubik
Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, no. 8, December 2004
“Russia’s Integrity: Russian Parties of Power and the Yabloko Association on Russo-Chechen Relations 1999-2001” by Sirke Mäkinen
“From External Success to Internal Collapse: The Case of Democratic Russia” by Geir Flikke
Power and Purpose: U.S. Policy toward Russia after the Cold War by James M. Goldgeier and Michael McFaul. Reviewed by Michael Jarbara Carley
Foreign Affairs, Vol. 84, no. 2, March/April 2005
“Ukraine’s Orange Revolution” by Adrian Karatnycky
“The Right Way to Promote Arab Reform” by Steven A. Cook
Government and Opposition, Vol. 40, no.1, January 2005
“Can Presidentialism Work Like Parliamentarism” by Joseph M. Colomer and Gabriel L. Negretto
Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 27, no. 1, February 2005
“The Paradox of Transition in Conflicted Democracies” by Fionnuala Ní Aoláin and Colm Campbell
International Political Science Review, Vol. 26, no. 1, January 2005
“Fragile Democracy and Schizophrenic Liberalism: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty in the Andes” by Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín
International Political Science Review, Vol. 26, no. 2, April 2005
“‘Bowling Together’ Isn’t a Cure-All: The Relationship between Social Capital and Political Trust in South Korea” by Ji-Young Kim
Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 21, no. 1, March 2005
“Learning from the West: Policy Transfer and Programmatic Change in the Communist Successor Parties of Eastern and Central Europe” by Dan Hough
“Westernizing the East: External Influences in the Post-Communist Transformation of Eastern and Central Europe” by Marcin Zaborowski
“Learning from the West: Policy Transfer and Political Parties” by William E. Paterson and James Sloam
“The Communist Successor Parties of Eastern and Central Europe and European Integration” by Michael Dauderstädt
“West European Social Democracy as a Model for Transfer” by James Sloam
“Polish Social Democracy, Policy Transfer, and Programmatic Change” by Piotr Buras
“Between Emulation and Adjustment: External Influences on Programmatic Change in the Slovak SDL” by Vladimír Handl and Vladimír Leška
Journal of East Asian Studies, Vol. 5, no. 1, January-April 2005
“Measuring and Explaining Party Change in Taiwan: 1991-2004” by Dafydd Fell
“Hong Kong’s Post-1997 Institutional Crisis: Problems of Governance and Institutional Incompatibility” by Anthony B. L. Cheung
Journal of Legislative Studies, Vol.10, no. 2&3, Summer & Autumn 2004
“Hungary: The Emergency of Chancellor Democracy” by John W. Schiemann
“Power to the Executive! The Changing Executive-Legislative Relations in Eastern Europe” by Petr Kopecký
Journal of Legislative Studies, Vol. 10, no. 1, Spring 2004
“A Theory of Executive Dominance of Congressional Politics: The Committee System in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies” by Carlos Pereira and Bernardo Mueller
“The Selection of Committee Leadership in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies” by Fabiano Santos and Lucio Rennó
Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 43, no. 1, March 2005
“The Role of Democracy in Uganda’s Move to Universal Primary Education” by David Stasavage
“The Missing Pillars: A Look at the Failure of Peace in Burundi through the Lens of Arend Lijphart’s Theory of Consociational Democracy” by Daniel P. Sullivan
Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 42, no. 3, May 2005
“Political Challenge in Latin America: Rebellion and Collective Protest in an Era of Democratization” by Christina Schatzman
“Public Opinion in the Israeli-Palestinian Two-Level Game” by Jacob Shami and Khalil Shikaki
Journal of Politics, Vol. 67, no. 2, May 2005
“Explaining the Variation in Organized Civil Society Across States and Time” by Robert C. Lowry
The State of Democratic Theory by Ian Shapiro. Reviewed by Elisabeth Ellis
The 1999-2000 Elections in Russia: Their Impact and Legacy by Vicki L. Hesli and William M. Reisinger. Reviewed by Judith S. Kullberg
Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. XXVIII, no. 2, Winter 2005
“Post-War Kuwait’s Parliamentary Elections: 1992-2003 An Appraisal” by Kamal Eldin Osman Salih
Middle East Journal, Vol. 59, no. 1, Winter 2005
“Democratic Attitudes and Practices in Iraq” by Adeed Dawisha
“Algeria’s 2004 Presidential Elections” by Robert Parks
Middle East Policy, Vol. XII, no. 1, Spring 2005
“Afghanistan’s Constitution: Success or Sham?” by Carol Riphenburg
Orbis, Vol. 49, no. 2, Spring 2005
“History Matters: Past as Prologue in Building Democracy in Iraq” by Eric Davis
“Uzbekistan: Civil Society in the Heartland” by Chris Seiple
“Uzbekistan: A Modernizing Society” by Laurence A. Jarvik
“Ignoring History: U.S. Democratization in the Muslim World” by James Kurth
Party Politics, Vol. 11, no. 1, January 2005
“Policy-Making, Local Factions and Candidate Coordination in Single Non-transferable Voting: A Case Study of Taiwan” by Chia-Hung Tsai
“Issues and Party Preferences in Hungary: A Comparison of Directional and Proximity Models” by Bojan Todosijevi?
Party Politics, Vol. 11, no. 2, March 2005
“Parties as Programmatic Agents: A Test of Institutional Theory in Brazil” by Mona M. Lyne
“Patterns of Stability: Party Competition and Strategy in Central Europe since 1989” by Elisabeth Bakke and Nick Sitter
Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 120, no. 1, Spring 2005
“The Implications of Leadership Change in the Arab World” by Daniel L. Byman
PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. XXXVIII, no. 1, January 2005
“Improving the Quality of Survey Research in Democratizing Countries” by Mitchell A. Seligson
Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, no. 1, March 2005
“Savagery in Democracy’s Empire” by Robert L. Ivie
Washington Quarterly, Vol. 28, no. 2, Spring 2005
“A Transatlantic Strategy to Promote Democratic Development in the Broader Middle East” by Ronald D. Asmus, Larry Diamond, Mark Leonard, and Michael McFaul
World Affairs, Vol. 167, no. 3, Winter 2005
“Civil-Military Relations: The Postmodern Democratic Challenge” by Gregory D. Foster
“Is Russia a Democracy and Does It Matter?” by Stephen Blank
SELECTED NEW BOOKS ON DEMOCRACY
America’s Crisis of Values: Reality and Perception. By Wayne Baker. Princeton University Press, 2005. 312 pp.
Citizenship in Britain: Values, Participation, and Democracy. By Charles Pattie, Patrick Seyd, and Paul Whiteley. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 346 pp.
A Constitution for the European Union. Edited by Charles B. Blankart and Dennis C. Mueller. MIT Press, 2004. 280 pp.
Democracy in Immigrant America: Changing Demographics and Political Participation. By S. Karthick Ramakrishnan. Stanford University Press, 2005. 365 pp.
The Endgame of Globalization. By Neil Smith. Routledge, 2005. 240 pp.
Freedom Reclaimed: Rediscovering the American Vision. By John E. Schwarz. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. 243 pp.
Good to be King: The Foundation of Our Constitutional Freedom. By Michael Badnarik. Writers’ Collective, 2004. 216 pp.
Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida. By Julian M. Pleasants. Palgrave MacMillan, 2004. 304 pp.
The Homevoter Hypothesis: How Home Values Influence Local Government Taxation, School Finance, and Land-Use Policies. By William A. Fischel. Harvard University Press, 2001. 329 pp.
The Liberty of Strangers: Making the American Nation. By Desmond King. Oxford University Press, 2005. 229 pp.
Democratic Transitions in East Africa. Edited by Paul J. Kaise and F. Wafula Okumu. Ashgate, 2004. 229 pp.
Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa. Edited by Bruce Berman, Dickson Eyoh, and Will Kymlicka. Ohio University Press, 2004. 336 pp.
Asian Security Handbook: Terrorism and the New Security Environment. 3rd ed. Edited by William M. Carpenter and David G. Wiencek. M.E. Sharpe, 2005. 392 pp.
Democratic Development in East Asia. By Becky Shelley. Routledge, 2005. 240 pp.
Healthy Democracies: Welfare Politics in Taiwan and South Korea. By Joseph Wong. Cornell University Press, 2004. 209 pp.
India Untouched: The Forgotten Face of Rural Poverty. By Abraham M. George. Writers’ Collective, 2005. 347 pp.
Opposing Suharto: Compromise, Resistance, and Regime Change in Indonesia. By Edward Aspinall. Stanford University Press, 2005. 328 pp.
The Politics of Social Welfare Policy in South Korea: Growth and Citizenship. By Myungsook Woo. University Press of America, 2004. 186 pp.
EASTERN EUROPE AND THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
Dissent and Opposition in Communist Eastern Europe: Origins of Civil Society and Democratic Transition. Edited by Detlef Pollack and Jan Wielgohs. Ashgate, 2004. 275 pp.
Preventing Nuclear Meltdown: Managing Decentralization of Russia’s Nuclear Complex. Edited by James Clay Moltz, Vladimir A. Orlov, and Adam N. Stulberg. Ashgate, 2004. 258 pp.
Shadow Separatism: Implications for Democratic Consolidation. By Matthew Crosston. Ashgate, 2004. 152 pp.
Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe. Edited by Ivana Marková. Oxford University Press, 2004. 217 pp.
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
Anarchism and Countercultural Politics in Early Twentieth-Century Cuba. By Kirwin R. Shaffer. University Press of Florida, 2005. 279 pp.
The Andes in Focus: Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform. Edited by Russel Crandall, Guadalupe Paz, and Riordan Roett. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005. 237 pp.
Contesting the Iron Fist: Advocacy Networks and Police Violence in Democratic Argentina and Chile. By Claudio A. Fuentes. Routledge, 2005. 221 pp.
Democratisation in Turkey: The Role of Political Parties. By Huri Tursan. Peter Lang, 2004. 289 pp.
Memories of State: Politics, History, and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq. By Eric Davis. University of California Press, 2005. 397 pp.
The Modern Middle East: A Political History Since the First World War. By Mehran Kamrava. University of California Press, 2005. 497pp.
Uncharted Journey: Promoting Democracy in the Middle East. Edited by Thomas Carothers and Marina Ottaway. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005. 302 pp.
COMPARATIVE, THEORETICAL, GENERAL
Deliberative Politics in Action: Analyzing Parliamentary Discourse. By Jürg Steiner et al. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 206 pp.
Democracy Beyond Borders: Justice and Representation in Global Institutions. By Andrew Kuper. Oxford University Press, 2004. 228 pp.
Democracy from Above: Regional Organizations and Democratization. By Jon C. Pevehouse. Cambridge University Press, 2005. 262 pp.
Democratic Development and Political Terrorism: The Global Perspective. Edited by William Crotty. Northeastern University Press, 2005. 561 pp.
Democratic Imperialism: A Practical Guide. By Filip Spagnoli. Cambridge Scholars, 2004. 123 pp.
Freeing God’s Children: The Unlikely Alliance for Global Human Rights. By Allen D. Hertzke. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 368 pp.
Global Social Problems. By Paul Kelly. Polity, 2004. 235 pp.
Governance. By Anne Mette Kjaer. Polity, 2004. 248 pp.
Liberalism. By Paul Kelly. Polity, 2005. 183 pp.
Multilateral Diplomacy and the United Nations Today. 2nd ed. Edited by James P.Muldoon, Jr., et al. Westview, 2005. 342 pp.
Negotiated Revolutions: The Czech Republic, South Africa, and Chile. By George Lawson. Ashgate, 2005. 272 pp.
New Global Dangers: Changing Dimensions of International Security. Edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Cote, Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller. MIT Press, 2004. 560 pp.
Offense, Defense, and War: An International Security Reader. Edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Cote, Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller. MIT Press, 2004. 401 pp.
Religion in the Liberal Polity. Edited by Terence Cuneo. University of Notre Dame Press, 2005. 270 pp.
Rights from Wrongs: A Secular Theory of the Origins of Rights. By Alan Dershowitz. Basic, 2005. 261 pp.
State of Exception. By Giorgio Agamben. University of Chicago Press, 2005. 104 pp.
The Struggle Against Corruption: A Comparative Study. Edited by Roberta Ann Johnson. Palgrave MacMillan, 2004. 192 pp.
Tampering with Tradition: The Unrealized Authority of Democratic Agency. Edited by Peter Bogason, Sandra Kensen, and Hugh Miller. Lexington, 2004. 227 pp.
Terrorism, Freedom, and Security: Winning Without War. By Philip B. Heymann. MIT Press, 2003. 228 pp.
Totalitarianism and Political Religions: Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships. Edited by Hans Maier. Frank Cass, 2004. 400 pp.