Welcome to the website for the APSA Migration and Citizenship Organized Section. The site is largely open to the public and section members will see additional member-only content such as member discussions and a shared library.
President Donald Trump’s Executive Order banning refugees, migrants, and visitors from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen
On January 27, 2017, US President Donald Trump signed an Executive Order that suspends entry for visitors, refugees, immigrants, dual nationals, and US permanent residents from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen for 90 days, or more. This is directly related to the work of many members of APSA’s Migration and Citizenship Organized Section, who work on citizenship, international migration, refugees, security, radicalization, and human mobility and the effects and legality of related government policies. Below please find the official statements from three major scholarly organisations on the Executive Order, namely the American Political Science Association (APSA), International Studies Association (ISA), and American Sociological Association (ASA).
Further below, please find links to the statements by the Association of American Universities, Association of International Educators, African Studies Association, American Anthropological Association, American Association of Geographers, American Historical Association, American Psychological Association, International Political Science Association, Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages International Association.
“The American Political Science Association (APSA) condemns the Executive Order issued on January 27, 2017, entitled “Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States,” and strongly urges President Trump to rescind it. The order generates immediate and detrimental effects on colleagues and students with whom we teach, write, and collaborate. It undermines academic freedom in the most fundamental way by restricting the ability of scholars to meet, learn and exchange ideas on campuses of American colleges and universities. As scholars and teachers, we deplore the interruption of research, teaching, and intellectual engagement that this order causes.
The American Political Science Association is a scholarly association with over 13,000 members worldwide, including members who are residents and/or citizens of the seven countries affected by the immigration ban in the Executive Order.
As indicated in our vision statement, the APSA works to promote “scholarly understanding of political ideas, norms, behaviors, and institutions to inform public choices about government, governance and public policy”. The lack of full regard for liberal democratic norms and practices demonstrated in this Executive Order can deeply harm these scholarly understandings. We urge the President and the other federal officials to consider these and other scholarly understandings of the strengths and foundations of the United States’ political system and political culture when making decisions that may affect them, and we call on the President to rescind this order immediately.
As an organization, the APSA also stands ready to support any colleague who may be directly or indirectly affected by this executive order. If any APSA member is affected by this executive action, please contact us for any support or assistance we can provide. Visit this link for resources or to request support.”
“[…] As a scholarly organization, ISA has a professional obligation to promote and protect the values of academic freedom. As such, the ISA strongly condemns any action by any government which prevents the free movement of scholars engaged in research on international affairs, or any other scholarly discipline. Indeed, the charter of the Academic Freedom Committee of the ISA includes the following language: “The Committee will document such violations as: government revocation of academic degrees; demotion or dismissal; denial of a petition to emigrate, travel abroad or return to one’s country of origin; and arrest, arbitrary detention, disappearance, and extrajudicial killing.”
This order, which has already been challenged in Federal Courts, is an infringement upon the academic freedom of scholars from those countries who wish to travel to the United States to conduct research, collaborate with colleagues, and engage in conferences and conventions. It will cause serious disruption in the lives of scholars and students who, prior to the issuing of the order, had already undergone the complex and time-consuming process for obtaining the necessary papers for travel. It may also violate the constitutional rights of scholars and students who are in lawful permanent resident status.[…]”
“Against the background of events that have unfolded over the last week, we are writing today to let you know that ASA is monitoring events carefully, has responded to some developments already, and will continue to respond in the future. And we welcome and need your help with this effort.
Which issues fall within the association’s purview?
As human beings and citizens, many sociologists are alarmed by recent developments. However, we acknowledge that there may be a range of opinions on such matters among our members and we respect this plurality of positions as a basic condition for democracy.
As an association, topics on which we can and should take positions concern developments that affect the professional lives of sociologists as well as the conduct of social science research. These include threats to data sharing, data collection, funding for scientific scholarship, academic freedom, and peer review, as well as policies that inhibit the exchange of ideas domestically or internationally. We can also defend the conditions for the exercise of our professional responsibilities, which include free speech, democracy, the rule of law, and the values of diversity and meritocracy. All of these have direct effects on scholarly research and teaching. We can also take positions on public policy issues for which there is clear sociological evidence.
What are we doing right now?
Most immediately, the ASA is taking a firm stance against last week’s Executive Order regarding entry into the United States for people from seven majority Muslim countries. We have co-signed, with many of our sister scholarly societies, a statement written by the American Association for the Advancement of Science which will be released soon. It argues that scientific progress depends fundamentally on an open exchange of ideas and recognizes that the Executive Order will have the effect of limiting interaction among scholars. We will post the statement on our website after it is released.
As sociologists, we oppose this Executive Order because it affects our colleagues and students as well as the conditions for knowledge production. In addition, sociologists have documented and analyzed the ways in which symbolic boundaries are made more rigid and result in the social exclusion of specific groups. This Executive Order targeting specific groups of individuals has effects not only on its immediate victims, but also on how our society understands itself and its orientation toward diversity and human rights.
Also of concern is the potential effect of the Executive Order on participation in the upcoming ASA Annual Meeting in Montreal. We are actively monitoring that issue and will explore every possible avenue to address it. More information will be provided as the situation evolves.
We are also working with several coalitions of scientific and humanistic disciplinary societies to defend the fundamental principles of academic scholarship and the use of empirical evidence in support of public policy. This is especially important at a time when “alternative facts” are offered as “evidence” in regard to challenges to scientific consensus on climate change and other policy issues. We are working with these coalitions to develop immediate and long-term strategies to address issues such as access to data essential to the study of racial discrimination and other forms of inequality and exclusion.
What can you do?
The success of ASA’s efforts relies on the collective work of all sociologists:
First, we ask you to let us know if you learn of threats to academic freedom and expertise and to the professional lives of sociologists (contact ASA Executive Director Nancy Kidd, email@example.com). If you know of a particular scholar or scholarly work that is affected by such threats, please let us know. We can not only make our own case against such threats but also, perhaps even more importantly, reach out to the media regarding people to interview and cases to document. Our actions are embedded in a large network of organizations that are sharing our objectives, and which can be more effective with your collaboration.
Second, if you have expertise in particular areas that are threatened by current and future public policy decisions, please let us know. Such expertise can be crucial in bringing to light the evidence that is needed to sway policymakers. More direct communication between ASA and leading experts will make our work more effective. Please be proactive in this regard.
Third, please be prepared to respond to calls for action. We will be judicious in issuing action alerts calling for members to send letters to their representatives in Congress, but we hope to be able to count on your mobilization when called to action.
For example, today you might want to sign the petition “Academics Against Immigration Executive Order” at https://notoimmigrationban.com, mentioned on the front page of yesterday’s New York Times. Also, you may want to participate in the March for Science which is currently being organized and which the ASA endorses. We will make plans for sociologists to march together as soon as a date is confirmed.
We fully recognized the gravity of the current context and aim to be a leading force in the defense of the values and interests of sociology and sociologists.”
See also the statements by the following associations:
APSA Migration and Citizenship Organized Section
The APSA Migration and Citizenship Section brings together political scientists working on issues of migration and citizenship, promote teaching and research in the field, and encourage communication among political scientists and scholars of migration and citizenship in related disciplines, including policy and other professionals, domestically and internationally.
Scholars in the field of migration and citizenship address topics including but not limited to:
- The local, national, transnational, international, and global politics of voluntary and forced migration, including political attitudes and orientations both towards and of all categories of migrants, including refugees and asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and economic, family, circular, business, high-skilled, and irregular migrants;
- Immigration and emigration policies and laws, including the international relations, international political economy, and political philosophy aspects of such policies and laws;
- Immigrant integration and refugee resettlement policies and their implementation, including immigrant and refugee civic engagement, political incorporation, and citizen-making;
- Border and security studies as well as studies on intranational, regional, transnational, and international cooperation on the management and control of migration;
- The changing meanings and practices of citizenship, including the relationship between citizenship and identity, gender, multiculturalism, race and ethnicity, racism and xenophobia, human rights, indigenous peoples, empires and imperialism, civic engagement, transnationality, welfare, and public policy;
- The relationship between citizenship and transformations in or political contestation of sovereignty and political community, including state formation or disintegration, nationalism, sovereignty or secession movements, language, ethnic or other minorities, the politics of diaspora mobilization (including conflicts, democratization, voting, and economic development), and subnational, supranational (e.g., European Union), multilevel, corporate, or global citizenship;
- The politics of nationality and citizenship (and the distinctions between them), including the moral and empirical rights and obligations attached to citizenship, comparative or historical nationality law, statelessness, and policies and practices concerning the acquisition and loss of nationality through such procedures as naturalization and expatriation as well as dual or multiple citizenship.
To join the Section, check the appropriate box when joining the American Political Science Association or renewing your Association membership. You may join the APSA online at http://www.apsanet.org/ or contact:
American Political Science Association
1527 New Hampshire Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036